Time use, parenting practice and conduct problems in four- to five-year-old Australian children

Yu, Mong-Lin, Ziviani, Jenny, Baxter, Janeen and Haynes, Michele (2010) Time use, parenting practice and conduct problems in four- to five-year-old Australian children. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57 5: 284-292. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1630.2009.00818.x

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Author Yu, Mong-Lin
Ziviani, Jenny
Baxter, Janeen
Haynes, Michele
Title Time use, parenting practice and conduct problems in four- to five-year-old Australian children
Journal name Australian Occupational Therapy Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0045-0766
Publication date 2010-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2009.00818.x
Volume 57
Issue 5
Start page 284
End page 292
Total pages 9
Editor Elspeth Froude
Janet Fricke
Place of publication Richmond, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asa
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
160899 Sociology not elsewhere classified
160301 Family and Household Studies
730303 Occupational, speech and physiotherapy
321024 Rehabilitation and Therapy - Occupational and Physical
Formatted abstract
Background: Conduct problems (CoP) represent one of the most common mental health issues manifesting in childhood, with the potential to influence the developmental trajectory of children negatively. Early identification of children at risk of developing CoP is a key strategy to their effective management. Evidence suggests that parenting practices are important contributors to CoP; however, these practices can also interact with the activities in which children engage and these have not yet been addressed in combination.
Method: A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of 4936 four- to five-year-old children from Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was undertaken to examine the relationship between CoP, parenting practices and time use.
All children were at a lower risk of CoP if they were exposed to less hostile and consistent parenting practices and if they did not have sleep problems as reported by their parents. However, boys were more vulnerable if they had fathers who had not undertaken tertiary education, and spent more time in risk-oriented physical activities.
Conclusion: Parenting practices are affirmed as a significant independent predictor of risk for developing CoP. The nature of activities in which children engaged, particularly boys, also has the potential to influence the manifestation of CoP. Occupational therapy services for children with CoP are best provided in the context of family-centred practice and should incorporate an examination of daily time use.

© 2010 The Authors. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal © 2010 Australian Association of Occupational Therapists.
Keyword Occupational therapy
Australian children
Parenting practice
Conduct problems
Activity participation
Time use
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
School of Social Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 09 Jun 2010, 09:57:31 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science