Mental toughness profiles and their relations with achievement goals and sport motivation in adolescent Australian footballers

Gucciardi, Daniel F. (2010) Mental toughness profiles and their relations with achievement goals and sport motivation in adolescent Australian footballers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28 6: 615-625. doi:10.1080/02640410903582792


Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Title Mental toughness profiles and their relations with achievement goals and sport motivation in adolescent Australian footballers
Journal name Journal of Sports Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0264-0414
1466-447X
Publication date 2010-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02640410903582792
Volume 28
Issue 6
Start page 615
End page 625
Total pages 11
Editor Alan Nevill
Place of publication London, U.K
Publisher Taylor & Francis Health Sciences
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The aims of this study were to identify the mental toughness profiles of adolescent Australian footballers and to explore the relations between the mental toughness clusters and achievement goals and sport motivation. A total of 214 non-elite, male Australian footballers aged 16-18 years (mean = 16.8, s = 0.7) provided self-reports of mental toughness, achievement goals, and sport motivation. Cluster analysis supported the presence of two-groups in which players evidenced moderate and high levels of all four mental toughness subscales. Significant multivariate effects were observed for achievement goals and sport motivation with the high mental toughness group favouring both mastery- and performance-approach goals and self-determined as well as extrinsic motivational tendencies. The results suggest that adolescent Australian footballers' self-perceptions of mental toughness fall within two clusters involving high and moderate forms of all four components, and that these profiles show varying relations with achievement goals (particularly mastery-approach) and sport motivation.
© 2010 Taylor & Francis
Keyword Cluster analysis
Australian football mental toughness inventory
Achievement goals questionnaire-sport
Sport motivation scale-6
Self-determination
Training-program
Performers
Questionnaire
Invariance
Hardiness
Framework
Validity
Gender
Health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 30 May 2010, 10:02:31 EST