A hierarchy of happiness? Mokken scaling analysis of the Oxford Happiness Inventory

Stewart, Mary E., Watson, Roger, Clark, Andrea, Ebmeier, Klaus P. and Deary, Ian J. (2010) A hierarchy of happiness? Mokken scaling analysis of the Oxford Happiness Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 48 7: 845-848.

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Author Stewart, Mary E.
Watson, Roger
Clark, Andrea
Ebmeier, Klaus P.
Deary, Ian J.
Title A hierarchy of happiness? Mokken scaling analysis of the Oxford Happiness Inventory
Journal name Personality and Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
1873-3549
Publication date 2010-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.011
Volume 48
Issue 7
Start page 845
End page 848
Total pages 4
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
920410 Mental Health
920401 Behaviour and Health
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Abstract The items of the Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI), a self-report assessment of happiness, are subjected to an analysis for hierarchy among its items. By using Mokken scaling analyses we can assess whether items can reliably be ordered between persons as severity indicators on a latent trait; in this case, a latent trait of Happiness. OHI item-level data from 1024 participants were entered into the Mokken Scaling Procedure (MSP) seeking reliable scales with H > 0.30. 12 OHI items formed a reliable and statistically significant hierarchy. However, the MSP values indicate a ‘weak’ scale. The ‘most difficult’ (happiest) item on the scale is ‘feeling energetic’ and the ‘least difficult’ (least happy) is ‘I have fun’. Items in the scale are consistent with what is already known about both happiness and low mood. The reduction in the OHI’s items from 29 to 12 in the Mokken scale may have utility making it more accessible to participants as well as identifying items with reliably different levels of ‘difficulty’. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
Keyword Happiness
Mokken scaliing
Oxford Happiness Inventory
Mood
Latent trait
Item Response Theory
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Nursing and Midwifery Publications
 
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