The effect of crossing legs on blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Pinar, Rukiye, Ataalkin, Siddika and Watson, Roger (2010) The effect of crossing legs on blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19 9-10: 1284-1288. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03148.x

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Author Pinar, Rukiye
Ataalkin, Siddika
Watson, Roger
Title The effect of crossing legs on blood pressure in hypertensive patients
Journal name Journal of Clinical Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0962-1067
1365-2702
Publication date 2010-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03148.x
Volume 19
Issue 9-10
Start page 1284
End page 1288
Total pages 5
Editor Carol Haigh
Debra Jackson
Roger Watson
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases
110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Formatted abstract
Aims. The aim of this study was to examine whether there is any difference between BP readings with patients crossing a leg at the knee level and uncrossing during BP measurement.
Background. It is clear that numerous factors influence an individual’s blood pressure (BP) measurement. However, guidelines for accurately measuring BP inconsistently specify that the patient should keep feet flat on the floor.
Design. Repeated measures.
Method. Using a mercury-filled column sphygmomanometer, BP was measured at uncrossed leg position, crossed leg position and again at uncrossed leg position in 283 unmedicated or medicated patients. Three experienced nurses specially trained for the study performed BP measurements.
Results.
The results indicated that BP increased significantly with the crossed leg position. Systolic and diastolic BP significantly increased approximately 10 and 8 mmHg, respectively.
Conclusion. Crossing the leg at knee results in a significant increase in BP. Relevance to clinical practice. Leg position during measurement of BP should be standardised and mentioned in publications.
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Keyword Blood pressure measurement
Cardiovascular
Crossed leg
Hypertension
Nurses
Nursing
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Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 28 May 2010, 10:12:53 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work