The epidemiology of cannabis use and cannabis-related harm in Australia 1993-2007

Roxburgh, A, Hall, WD, Degenhardt, L, McLaren, J, Black, E, Copeland, J and Mattick, RP (2010) The epidemiology of cannabis use and cannabis-related harm in Australia 1993-2007. Addiction, 105 6: 1071-1079. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02903.x

Author Roxburgh, A
Hall, WD
Degenhardt, L
McLaren, J
Black, E
Copeland, J
Mattick, RP
Title The epidemiology of cannabis use and cannabis-related harm in Australia 1993-2007
Journal name Addiction   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0965-2140
Publication date 2010-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02903.x
Volume 105
Issue 6
Start page 1071
End page 1079
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aims To examine trends in patterns of cannabis use and related harm in the Australian population between 1993 and 2007.

Design Analysis of prospectively collected data from: (1) the National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) and Australian Secondary Student Alcohol and Drug Survey (ASSADS); (2) the National Hospital Morbidity Database (NHMD); and (3) the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Dataset (AODTS-NMDS).

Participants Australians aged 14 years and over from the general population; students aged 12-17 years; public and private hospital in-patients; public and private in-patients and out-patients attending for drug treatment.

Prevalence of 12-month cannabis use among the general population and secondary students. Proportions in the general population by age group reporting: daily cannabis use; difficulties in controlling cannabis use; and heavy cannabis use on each occasion. Number of hospital and treatment presentations for cannabis-related problems.

Prevalence of past-year cannabis use has declined in the Australian population since the late 1990s. Among those reporting past-year use, daily use is prevalent among 40-49-year-olds, while heavy patterns of use are prevalent among 14-19-year-olds. Hospital presentations for cannabis-related problems reflect similar trends. Past-year cannabis use has decreased among the 10-19-year age group, but those who are daily users in this age group report using large quantities of cannabis.

Despite declines in the prevalence of cannabis use, continued public health campaigns warning of the harms associated with cannabis use are essential, aimed particularly at users who are already experiencing problems. The increasing demand for treatment for cannabis problems in Australia suggests the need for more accessible and more effective interventions for cannabis use disorders. © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction.
Keyword Cannabis
Drug-related harms
Drug-induced psychosis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published under Research Reports

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 23 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 23 May 2010, 00:07:27 EST