Selective attention for masked and unmasked emotionally toned stimuli: Effects of trait anxiety, state anxiety, and test order

Edwards, Mark S., Burt, Jennifer S. and Lipp, Ottmar V. (2010) Selective attention for masked and unmasked emotionally toned stimuli: Effects of trait anxiety, state anxiety, and test order. British Journal of Psychology, 101 2: 325-343. doi:10.1348/000712609X466559


Author Edwards, Mark S.
Burt, Jennifer S.
Lipp, Ottmar V.
Title Selective attention for masked and unmasked emotionally toned stimuli: Effects of trait anxiety, state anxiety, and test order
Journal name British Journal of Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-1269
2044-8295
Publication date 2010-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1348/000712609X466559
Volume 101
Issue 2
Start page 325
End page 343
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract We investigated selective attention for masked and unmasked, threat, and positively valenced words, in high trait anxious (HTA) and low trait anxious (LTA) individuals using the emotional Stroop colour-naming task. State anxiety was varied within participants through the threat of electric shock. To investigate whether the sequencing of the state anxiety manipulation affected colour-naming latencies, the ordering of the shock threat and shock safe conditions was counterbalanced across participants. The results indicated that the ordering of the state anxiety manipulation moderated masked and unmasked threat bias effects. Specifically, relative to LTA individuals, HTA individuals showed a threat interference effect, but this effect was limited to those who performed under the threat of shock in the later stages of the experiment. Irrespective of exposure mode and state anxiety status, all individuals showed interference for threat in the early stages of the experiment, relative to a threat facilitation effect in the later stages of the experiment. For the unmasked trials alone, the data also revealed a significant threat interference effect for the HTA group relative to the LTA group in the shock threat condition, and this effect was evident irrespective of shock threat order. The results are discussed with respect to the automatic nature of emotional processing in anxiety. © The British Psychological Society.
Keyword Posttraumatic-stress-disorder
panic disorder
Threat Cues
Information
Awareness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 16 May 2010, 00:07:38 EST