Why are there so few afforestation and reforestation Clean Development Mechanism projects?

Thomas, Sebastian, Dargusch, Paul, Harrison, Steve and Herbohn, John (2010) Why are there so few afforestation and reforestation Clean Development Mechanism projects?. Land Use Policy, 27 3: 880-887. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.12.002

Author Thomas, Sebastian
Dargusch, Paul
Harrison, Steve
Herbohn, John
Title Why are there so few afforestation and reforestation Clean Development Mechanism projects?
Journal name Land Use Policy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0264-8377
Publication date 2010-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.12.002
Open Access Status
Volume 27
Issue 3
Start page 880
End page 887
Total pages 8
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Of the more than 1600 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects that are currently registered with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), only four are afforestation or reforestation projects. This paper asks why there are so few CDM afforestation or reforestation (CDM A/R) projects given the many economic, social and environmental benefits that such activities potentially offer. The authors discuss the question from two perspectives: namely the constraints to the development of CDM A/R projects and the features of 'successful' CDM A/R projects. Constraints to the development of CDM A/R projects include financial, administrative and governance issues. Analysis of the four registered CDM A/R projects suggests that 'successful' CDM A/R applications are likely to be characterized by the following: initial funding support; design and implementation guided by large organizations with technical expertise; occur on private land (land with secured property rights attached); and most revenue from Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) is directed back to local communities. It is argued that the CDM needs to be reformed to support the development of more CDM A/R projects, particularly with regards to incorporating greater flexibility, simplifying the methodological and documentation procedures of CDM registration, and redefining the role of the UNFCCC in CDMs from one of adjudication to one of facilitation.
© 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Keyword Emissions offsets
Carbon markets
Climate policy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 59 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 71 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 02 May 2010, 00:03:50 EST