Factors associated with civilian mortality in Australian Vietnam veterans three decades after the war

O'Toole, Brian I., Catts, Stanley, V., Outram, Sue, Pierse, Katherine R. and Cockburn, Jill (2010) Factors associated with civilian mortality in Australian Vietnam veterans three decades after the war. Military Medicine, 175 2: 88-95.

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Author O'Toole, Brian I.
Catts, Stanley, V.
Outram, Sue
Pierse, Katherine R.
Cockburn, Jill
Title Factors associated with civilian mortality in Australian Vietnam veterans three decades after the war
Journal name Military Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0026-4075
1930-613X
Publication date 2010-02
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 175
Issue 2
Start page 88
End page 95
Total pages 8
Editor John C. Duffy
Place of publication Bethseda, United States
Publisher Association of Military Surgeons of the US
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject 111706 Epidemiology
111714 Mental Health
920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes
920410 Mental Health
Abstract A prospective cohort study of a random sample of 1,000 Australian Army Vietnam veterans analyzed risk factors for postwar mortality using information from Army records and personal interview assessments of physical and mental health measured approximately 15 years earlier. This enabled examination of the role of combat, military service, and psychiatric status including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on postwar civilian mortality. Factors predicting mortality were identified using multivariate statistical methods including logistic and Cox regression. Mortality was associated principally with age, enlistment route (regular vs. national service conscripts), and conduct while in service in the whole cohort. Additional analysis using interview data revealed that mortality was predicted by age, smoking status, chronic diabetes, bronchitis and blood diseases, and treatment for cancer and heart disease. Psychiatric status including PTSD diagnosis was not associated with mortality. Veterans' mortality risk may be reduced by attention to smoking and alcohol both in-service and postservice.
Keyword Post-traumatic stress disorder
Australian Army
Vietnam veterans
Mortality
Combat
Illness
Smoking
Risk factors post-service
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 02 May 2010, 00:03:11 EST