Post-traumatic stress disorder and suicide risk: A systematic review

Krysinska, Karolina and Lester, David (2010) Post-traumatic stress disorder and suicide risk: A systematic review. Archives of Suicide Research, 14 1: 1-23. doi:10.1080/13811110903478997


Author Krysinska, Karolina
Lester, David
Title Post-traumatic stress disorder and suicide risk: A systematic review
Journal name Archives of Suicide Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1381-111; 1543-6136
Publication date 2010-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1080/13811110903478997
Volume 14
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 23
Total pages 23
Place of publication Philadelphia, United States
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
There is a gap in the literature regarding suicide risk among traumatized individuals
with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and this article aims to systematically
review literature on the relationship between PTSD and suicidal behavior and
ideation. A meta-analysis of 50 articles that examined the association between
PTSD and past and current suicidal ideation and behavior was conducted. There
was no evidence for an increased risk of completed suicide in individuals with PTSD.
PTSD was associated with an increased incidence of prior attempted suicide and prior
and current suicidal ideation. Controlling for other psychiatric disorders (including
depression) weakened, but did not eliminate, this association. The evidence indicates
that there is an association between PTSD and suicidality with several factors, such
as concurrent depression and the pre-trauma psychiatric condition, possibly mediating
this relationship. There are significant clinical implications of the reported relationship
for suicide risk assessment and therapy, and further studies might help to understand
the mediating pathways between PTSD and increased suicide risk.

© International Academy for Suicide Research.
Keyword Post-traumatic stress disorder
Psychiatric comorbidity
Suicide risk
Trauma
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 25 Apr 2010, 00:06:47 EST