Global environmental changes like retreat of seasonal sea ice, landscape drying, unprecedented shifts in the changing of the seasons and the timing of animal migrations are causing serious threat to people around the world (Loring & Gerlach 2009). In addition, climate change impacts have increased energy prices and our dependencies on non renewable sources like fossil fuels are apparent. As a result, localisation and sustainability have gained considerable importance as communities around the world look for alternatives. Local food production systems also called ‘alternative farming’ show promise to address the negative consequences of national and global undifferentiated commodity supply chains that distance agriculture production from rural communities. In this paper we examine how food production systems can contribute to localization and sustainability. These include systems such as organics, natural farming, biodynamics, permaculture, community gardens, and community supported agriculture. Re-localization focused on local food production with regard to the ecological and social dimensions are discussed in this paper. Transition from globalized farming to localized farming is also highlighted. In farming, both ‘localization’ and ‘sustainability’ have developed different meanings according to the context used. However the core of localisation and sustainability focuses on meeting the needs of food production and consumption as locally as possible. As food systems are built at the human scale, sustainability can be grounded in our localities through sustaining our ecological, social, economic and political systems (Burkett 2008).