Membrane bioreactor (MBR) as an advanced wastewater treatment technology

Radjenović, Jelena, Matošić, Marin, Mijatović, Ivan, Petrović, Mira and Barceló, Damià (2008). Membrane bioreactor (MBR) as an advanced wastewater treatment technology. In Damià Barceló and Mira Petrovic (Ed.), Emerging contaminants from industrial and municipal waste : Removal technologies (pp. 37-101) Berlin, Germany; London, U.K.: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-79210-9

Author Radjenović, Jelena
Matošić, Marin
Mijatović, Ivan
Petrović, Mira
Barceló, Damià
Title of chapter Membrane bioreactor (MBR) as an advanced wastewater treatment technology
Title of book Emerging contaminants from industrial and municipal waste : Removal technologies
Place of Publication Berlin, Germany; London, U.K.
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Other
DOI 10.1007/978-3-540-79210-9
Year available 2007
Series The handbook of environmental chemistry. V. 5, Water pollution ; pt. S/1-S2 pt. 2. Removal technologies
ISBN 9783540792109
Editor Damià Barceló
Mira Petrovic
Volume number 5
Chapter number S2
Start page 37
End page 101
Total pages 65
Total chapters 10
Language eng
Subjects 0502 Environmental Science and Management
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The development and application of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for full-scale municipal wastewater treatment is the most important recent technological advance in terms of biological wastewater treatment. The MBR is a suspended growth-activated sludge system that utilizes microporous membranes for solid/liquid separation instead of secondary clarifiers. It represents a decisive step forward concerning effluent quality by delivering a hygienically pure effluent and by exhibiting a very high operational reliability. Advanced MBR wastewater treatment technology is being successfully applied at an ever-increasing number of locations around the world. In this chapter, the authors have covered several aspects of MBR, with an exhaustive overview of its operational and biological performance. Different configurations and hydraulics of MBR are presented, with attention given to the fouling phenomenon and strategies for reducing it. Also, the high quality of MBR effluent is discussed, whereas in comparison with CAS removals of organic matter, ammonia, phosphorus, solids, bacteria and viruses are significantly enhanced. Emphasis has been given to the improved capability of MBR to remove organic contaminants present at trace concentration levels (ng L-1, μg L-1 and mg L-1), which to the authors' knowledge represents a first attempt to summarize the published literature on this subject. Finally, advantages and disadvantages of MBR over CAS are concerned. In conclusion, MBR represents an efficient and cost-effective process that copes excellently with the growing needs for transforming wastewater into clean water that can be returned to the hydrological cycle without detrimental effects.
© 2007 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Keyword Biological performance
Membrane bioreactor (MBR)
Trace organic pollutants
Virus removal
Wastewater treatment
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Additional Notes Published online: 6 November 2007

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