Improving calf survival and performance by supplementation in Bali cattle

Jelantik, I. G. N., Mullik, M. L., Leo-Penu, C., Jeremias, J. and Copland, R. (2008) Improving calf survival and performance by supplementation in Bali cattle. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48 6-7: 954-956. doi:10.1071/EA08038

Author Jelantik, I. G. N.
Mullik, M. L.
Leo-Penu, C.
Jeremias, J.
Copland, R.
Title Improving calf survival and performance by supplementation in Bali cattle
Journal name Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0816-1089
Publication date 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/EA08038
Volume 48
Issue 6-7
Start page 954
End page 956
Total pages 3
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic., Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Language eng
Subject 0799 Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Formatted abstract
An on-farm experiment was conducted in several villages in the district of Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province (NTT), Indonesia from June to October 2007. The experiment investigated the efficacy of a supplementation strategy to improve calf survival and performance during the dry season. A total of 258 Bali (Banteng,Bos javanicus) cow–calf pairs were used in the experiment. Calves from the 190 cow–calf pairs in the treatment groups were allocated grass hay + concentrate supplementation as follows: 1% (n = 98), 2% (n = 56) and 3% (n = 42) of calf bodyweight. There were 62 cow–calf pairs in the unsupplemented control group. The supplement consisted of grass hay and concentrate (rice bran, cornmeal, leucaena leaf and fish meal) containing 18% crude protein. The supplement was introduced to calves in the morning while confined to calf pens when the dams were grazing. Calves were reunited with the cows during the night. Parameters measured were calf mortality, calf and cow daily gain, and milk production. Supplementation tended to reduce calf mortality (P = 0.094) from 6.4% in control to 0% in calves receiving 2% and 3% supplement. Levels of supplementation significantly (P < 0.001) improved calf daily weight gain. Bodyweight changes and milk production of cows were unaffected by calf supplementation. It can be concluded that supplementation at 2% calf bodyweight reduces calf mortality and improves calf weight gain.
Keyword Bali, Indonesia
Quality of life
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 20 Apr 2010, 11:45:58 EST by Ms May Balasaize on behalf of Faculty Of Nat Resources, Agric & Veterinary Sc