Voices from the Margins: Street Children's subcultures in Indonesia

Beazley, Harriot (2003) Voices from the Margins: Street Children's subcultures in Indonesia. Children's geographies, 1 2: 181-200. doi:10.1080/14733280302198

Author Beazley, Harriot
Title Voices from the Margins: Street Children's subcultures in Indonesia
Journal name Children's geographies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1473-3277
Publication date 2003-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14733280302198
Volume 1
Issue 2
Start page 181
End page 200
Total pages 20
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England
Publisher Carfax Pub.
Language eng
Subject 2002 Cultural Studies
Abstract Indonesia has a proliferation of children living on the streets of its larger cities. To the state and dominant society, they are perceived as committing a social violation. In response to their marginalisation and subordination, street children in Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia, have developed a 'repertoire of strategies' in order to survive. These include the appropriation of urban niches within the city, in which they create collective solutions for the dilemmas they confront in their everyday lives. This paper discusses a street boy community that exists within these marginal spaces: the Tikyan subculture of Yogyakarta. It presents the Tikyan subculture as a technique for street children to resist the negative stereotypes which are given to them by mainstream society. As they get older and become increasingly alienated by society, the Tikyan actively reject their 'deviant' label, and decorate street life so that it becomes agreeable in their eyes. This is achieved by deviating from dominant styles of dress and conventional behaviour, and through the development of a specific symbolic identity. These symbolic challenges to the dominant culture are communicated and dispersed within the social group and conveyed to the world via the subculture's 'specialised semiotic': their style of dress; their acts of bodily subversion or dissent (in the form of tattoos, body piercing and sexual practices); the music they play and listen to; and their use of drugs and alcohol. I describe these practices as the Tikyan 's obligatory performances, and the expected ways of behaving in order to remain accepted by the group.
Keyword Children & Childhood
Human Geography
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Sub-title: Advancing interdisciplinary understanding of younger people's lives

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 40 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 13 Apr 2010, 10:29:42 EST by Ms Lynette Adams on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences