Influence on crowd behaviour at outdoor music festivals

Earl, C., Parker, E., Tatrai, A. and Capra, M. F. (2004) Influence on crowd behaviour at outdoor music festivals. Environmental Health, 4 2: 55-62.

Author Earl, C.
Parker, E.
Tatrai, A.
Capra, M. F.
Title Influence on crowd behaviour at outdoor music festivals
Journal name Environmental Health
ISSN 1444-5212
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 4
Issue 2
Start page 55
End page 62
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hawthorn, Vic., Australia
Publisher Australian Institute of Environmental Health
Language eng
Subject 06 Biological Sciences
Abstract The results of some crowd behaviour at outdoor music festivals (OMFs) are injuries and sometimes death. The following study has identified a number of factors that are highly likely to have an influence on crowd behaviour and safety at OMFs. The participants in the study (N=44) were specialised security professionals recruited from a single organisation providing security at music based events. These study participants considered problems resulting from intoxication, crowd crushes, the style of live performances and the overall crowd composition as being responsible for the majority of the behavioural concerns they encountered at OMFs. These behavioural factors could form a basic criterion to identify higher risk to patrons at OMFs. Additionally, the study participants considered the overcrowding of venues, a lack of emergency planning and insufficient security staff at events being highly likely to impact on safety at these events. These behavioural and safety factors should be highlighted in pre-event discussions and within the approval processes for OMFs. Highlighting these factors will contribute to the provision of appropriate services and infrastructure based on the specific risk characteristics of each OMF.
Keyword Outdoor music festivals
Safety measures
Behaviour analysis
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Created: Tue, 13 Apr 2010, 09:03:06 EST by Therese Egan on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences