Macronutrient distribution over a period of 23 years in relation to energy intake and body fatness

Koppes, Lando L. J., Boon, Niels, Nooyens, Astrid C. J., van Mechelen, Willem and Saris, Wim H. M. (2009) Macronutrient distribution over a period of 23 years in relation to energy intake and body fatness. British Journal of Nutrition, 101 1: 108-115. doi:10.1017/S0007114508986864


Author Koppes, Lando L. J.
Boon, Niels
Nooyens, Astrid C. J.
van Mechelen, Willem
Saris, Wim H. M.
Title Macronutrient distribution over a period of 23 years in relation to energy intake and body fatness
Journal name British Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-1145
1475-2662
Publication date 2009-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0007114508986864
Volume 101
Issue 1
Start page 108
End page 115
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Subject 0702 Animal Production
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Formatted abstract
The distribution of the four macronutrients is associated with energy intake and body fatness according to short-term interventions. The present study involves macronutrient distribution in relation to energy intake and body fatness over a period of 23 years in individuals who have ad libitum access to food. Eight follow-up measurements have been performed in 168 men and 182 women who participate in the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study. From the age of 13 years onwards, dietary intake, physical activity and the thickness of four skinfolds have been assessed. Body fatness was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the age of 36 years. Generalised estimating equation regression analyses showed that energy percentages (En%) from protein and (in men) carbohydrates were inversely related to energy intake, while the En% from fat was positively related with energy intake. The men and women with high body fatness at the age of 36 years had a 1 En% higher protein intake, and the women with high body fatness had a 2 En% lower alcohol intake at the age of 32 and 36 years. The apparent inconsistent relationships between protein and energy intake and protein and body fatness can in women be explained by reverse causation and underreporting, as in women, low energy intake could not be explained by low physical activity. In conclusion, high intake of protein and (in men) carbohydrate, and low intake of fat are inversely related to total energy intake. High body fatness at the age of 36 years is related to a higher protein intake and, in women, to a lower alcohol intake.
Keyword Macronutrient distribution
Energy intake
Body fatness
Adolescence to adulthood follow-up
Long-term longitudinal studies
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes First published online 9 May 2008

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 01 Apr 2010, 09:58:32 EST by Jon Swabey on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences