The colonial medical outpost of Tasmania: vignettes of the first four decades of colonial settlement.

Pearn, John H. (2006). The colonial medical outpost of Tasmania: vignettes of the first four decades of colonial settlement.. In: Medical History Symposium 2006, Launceston, Tasmania, (). 6-9 July 2006.

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Author Pearn, John H.
Title of paper The colonial medical outpost of Tasmania: vignettes of the first four decades of colonial settlement.
Conference name Medical History Symposium 2006
Conference location Launceston, Tasmania
Conference dates 6-9 July 2006
Convener Australian and New Zealand Society of the History of Medicine
Place of Publication not found
Publisher not found
Publication Year 2006
Year available 2010
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN not found
ISSN not found
Total pages 22
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Colonial outpost settlements, in the form of garrison-controlled open air gaols, had been established at the four cardinal points of the Australian continent, within four decades of European colonisation in Australia. In Van Dieman's Land, such settlements were serviced by regimental surgeons of the deployed garrisons and by doctors of the Colonial Medical Service. Almost nothing survives of the pre-existing Aboriginal medicine practised for millennia by the first Tasmanians. A French naval surgeon and naturalist, Francois Peron (1775-1810) of the Baudin expedition (1800-1804) undertook the first medical research in Australia, on the eastern coast of Van Dieman's Land in 1801. Convict medicine had special characteristics in Van Dieman's Land, exemplified perhaps in its most extreme form in that practised on Sarah Island and on Grummett Island at the notorious Macquarie Harbour Settlement. Naval surgeons of both the French and the Royal Navies and early colonial surgeons contributed significantly to the scientific study of natural history in Van Dieman's Land. Their names are recorded in such examples such as the seaweeds Phacelocarpus labillardieriand Jeannerettia lobata. Sir Joseph Hooker (1817-1911), Assistant Surgeon and Naturalist on HMS Erebus, botanised extensively in Van Dieman's Land. It was said that his Flora Tasmaniae is regarded "as one of the finest pieces of botanical literature". Perhaps the most significant representative of the surgeonnaturalists who practised in Van Dieman's Land in the decades following colonisation, was Surgeon Robert Brown (1773-1858). Brown, sometimes called, "The Father of Australian Botany", lived for some five months in Tasmania. His massive work, Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae etInsulae van Dieman, published in 1810, was regarded by Sir William Hooker as "the greatest botanical work which ever appeared".
Subjects 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
210303 Australian History (excl. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
Keyword Medical History
Aboriginal medicine
Medical research
convict medicine
Q-Index Code EX

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 31 Mar 2010, 10:10:09 EST by Ms Marianne Sato on behalf of Herston Health Sciences Library