Tourism Education and Local Employment as Factors Contributing to the Sustainable Development of Tourism in SIDS: The Case of the Maldives

Aishath Shakeela (2009). Tourism Education and Local Employment as Factors Contributing to the Sustainable Development of Tourism in SIDS: The Case of the Maldives PhD Thesis, School of Tourism, The University of Queensland.

       
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s40892452_PhD_abstract.pdf Abstract Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf 173.15KB 6
s40892452_PhD_totalthesis.pdf Final Thesis Lodgement Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf 7.97MB 37
Author Aishath Shakeela
Thesis Title Tourism Education and Local Employment as Factors Contributing to the Sustainable Development of Tourism in SIDS: The Case of the Maldives
School, Centre or Institute School of Tourism
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2009-08
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Dr Noreen Breakey
Dr Lisa Ruhanen
Total pages 336
Total colour pages 7
Total black and white pages 329
Subjects 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Abstract/Summary Due to the numerous developmental constraints that they face, often Small Island Developing States (SIDS) relies on tourism as the means by which to achieve development. As such, SIDS governments promote sustainable tourism in policy agendas on the grounds that it will enhance the lives of local people through the creation of employment and subsequent increase in income level. However, often in SIDS, sustainable tourism development largely focuses on the management of resources and the impacts associated with tourism development. In this regard the focus on tourism development has remained on developing the necessary infrastructure for attracting international tourist markets, neglecting the crucial components of tourism education and local employment. Therefore, the aim of this research was to determine the role of tourism education and local employment as factors contributing to the sustainable development of tourism in the context of a SIDS destination. The context of the Maldives was selected as the SIDS case. This research indicated that in aggressive pursuit of increasing the number of international arrivals and with an ‘expansionist’ attitude, the SIDS case under study has neglected the crucial aspects of tourism education and local employment as contributors to the sustainable development of tourism. Consequently, tourism education neither meets the local needs for employment nor the industry needs for a skilled and educated workforce. The research revealed that this is an outcome of insufficient attention being given at policy level to tourism education, and local employment. Indeed, the research revealed that an increase in the number of international tourist arrivals and subsequent increase in foreign exchange earnings does not necessary mean that tourism brings economic sustainability to the destination by providing employment opportunities to the local communities and increased income. The research further revealed the complexity of issues which affect local participation in tourism. Moreover, the research also indicated how sustainable tourism development is intrinsically linked to tourism education and local employment. As the SIDS governments have a catalytic role to play in ensuring that tourism is developed in a sustainable manner that benefits all stakeholders, instead of implementing piecemeal policies in tourism education and local employment, this study advocates the integration of tourism education and local employment policies as part of the broader national development plan. This thesis contributes to tourism policy and practice. From a theoretical perspective, this research adds to the body of knowledge relating to the study of sustainable development of tourism in the context of a SIDS destination. Further, this research presents a number of practical recommendations for the government and the industry to ensure that tourism is indeed developed on a sustainable manner that benefits all stakeholders.
Keyword local employment
tourism education
human resource
local participation
Sustainable Tourism
Maldives
SIDS
Additional Notes Colour Pages: 25, 257, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281 Landscape Pages: 239, 250

 
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Created: Sat, 27 Mar 2010, 14:36:04 EST by Ms Aishath Shakeela on behalf of Library - Information Access Service