Assessing pesticides as a source of dioxins to the Australian environment

Holt, Eva, Vetter, Walter, Symons, Robert, Weber, Roland and Gaus, Caroline (2009) Assessing pesticides as a source of dioxins to the Australian environment. Organohalogen Compounds, 71 000292-000297.

Author Holt, Eva
Vetter, Walter
Symons, Robert
Weber, Roland
Gaus, Caroline
Title Assessing pesticides as a source of dioxins to the Australian environment
Journal name Organohalogen Compounds   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1026-4892
Publication date 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status
Volume 71
Start page 000292
End page 000297
Total pages 6
Place of publication Germany
Publisher Eco-Informa Press
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 039901 Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
920405 Environmental Health
Abstract Chlorinated pesticide production, use and disposal, has contributed significantly to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) contamination in the environment. Global pesticide application has been and continues to be extensive, including those which are known to contain or potentially contain PCDD/Fs. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of pesticides as historical and current sources of PCDD/Fs to the Australian environment by determining their levels in a range of different formulations. PCDD/Fs were detected in all pesticide formulations analysed in this study at concentrations ranging from 0.0081 to 1,000 ng PCDD/F g-1 formulation (0.037 to 2,100 ng PCDD/F g-1 active ingredient), with the highest levels detected in current use pesticides containing pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB). For most pesticides, data on volume of use are not available in Australia. However, using estimates based on market value and use volume trend data, label information and respective application area in Australia, pesticides have the potential to contribute significantly to the current PCDD/F emissions in Australia.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Additional Notes Presented at 29th International Symposium on Halogenated Persistent Organic Pollutants, 23-28 August 2009, Beijing China: Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
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Created: Wed, 24 Mar 2010, 15:04:09 EST by Manjit Sanghera on behalf of National Res Centre For Environmental Toxicology