A review of chemical control options for invasive social insects in island ecosystems

Gentz, M. C. (2009) A review of chemical control options for invasive social insects in island ecosystems. Journal of Applied Entomology, 133 4: 229-235. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0418.2008.01326.x

Author Gentz, M. C.
Title A review of chemical control options for invasive social insects in island ecosystems
Journal name Journal of Applied Entomology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1439-0418
Publication date 2009-05
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2008.01326.x
Volume 133
Issue 4
Start page 229
End page 235
Total pages 7
Editor Dr. Stefan Vidal
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
860703 Crop Protection Chemicals
960608 Rural Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality)
960505 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Forest and Woodlands Environments
030401 Biologically Active Molecules
050103 Invasive Species Ecology
050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
Abstract Social insects present unique challenges to chemically based management strategies, especially because fast-acting compounds commonly applied for many pest insects may not be the most effective for colony elimination. The reproductive caste of a colony is the most protected from direct damage by insecticides, and compounds that cause rapid mortality among foragers frequently do not impact the reproductive members or even markedly reduce overall colony size. With recent bans on persistent insecticides that previously have been used to control social insects, especially termites, new compounds must be used. Island and coastal ecosystems are particularly sensitive to the effects of widespread pesticide use and concerns about unintentional water pollution and runoff are common, and international attention is being paid to developing sustainable pesticide options for agricultural and urban pest insects in particularly sensitive environments. Given the precarious status of many native insects and arthropods care must be taken to minimize exposure to potentially harmful insecticides and the non-target impacts of these chemicals. However, recent developments in the synthesis and discovery of highly selective insecticides with low mammalian and non-target toxicity provide viable alternatives to the broad-spectrum persistent organochlorine insecticides that have been largely deregistered. Novel technologies, particularly synthetic analogues of biologically active compounds, yield new chemical control options and management strategies for island and other sensitive ecosystems; case studies from Australia, the Galapagos Islands and New Zealand highlight current challenges and successes.
Keyword alien species
environmentally-friendly pesticides
eusocial insects
genetically engineered insecticides
pest management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 23 Mar 2010, 15:08:12 EST by Susan Allen on behalf of Institute for Molecular Bioscience