Barriers to market entry, poor livestock producers and public policy

Ramsay, Gavin and Morgan, Bryan (2009). Barriers to market entry, poor livestock producers and public policy. Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative (PPLPI) 46, Animal Production and Health Division, Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department.


Author Ramsay, Gavin
Morgan, Bryan
Title Barriers to market entry, poor livestock producers and public policy
School, Department or Centre Animal Production and Health Division, Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department
Series Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative (PPLPI)
Report Number 46
Publication date 2009-11-24
Publisher Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Start page i
End page 72
Total pages 83
Language eng
Subject 140201 Agricultural Economics
C1
Abstract/Summary The main aim of this study is to provide an analytical framework for the assessment of barriers to market access for poor livestock producers that can be used for the development of public policy that works to the advantage of those poor producers that attempt to enter specific product markets. The paper first builds a picture of the broader environment in which poor livestock producers operate. It describes the spectrum of markets and how these markets respectively operate, using the construct of supply or value chains, from the most rudimentary traditional ones to the more complex modern chains. The authors stress that consumer demand for particular product characteristics strongly determines the processes by which products are screened within a particular chain. The study then proceeds to describe poor livestock producers, the processes they follow in product transformation, and the products they supply, in relation to what is demanded by the market as communicated along the supply chain. Within the context of desired product characteristics, the capacities of livestock producers in product transformation, and the product requirements at various stages within the supply chain, the paper identifies various barriers to, and opportunities for market entry by poor livestock producers. The barriers are then categorized according to their nature or source, the nature of their impacts, the timing and duration of impacts, and whether or not they are intrinsic or extrinsic to particular products. The paper proceeds to demonstrate that barriers to market entry are closely related to public policy and supply chain governance and presents an approach to examine such barriers, focusing on the critical factors that interact with market access for poor livestock producers. To conclude, the authors introduce a computer-based tool (Livestock Market Assessment Tool) developed for assessing barriers to market access, based on evaluation of the system as a whole and using the concepts used in supply chain analysis.
Keyword barriers
consumers
institutions
livestock
markets
middleman
policy
poverty
products
producers
smallholders
traders
transaction costs
value chains

Document type: Working Paper
Collection: School of Economics Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 23 Mar 2010, 10:38:34 EST by Alys Hohnen on behalf of School of Economics