The effects of wearing lower-body compression garments during endurance cycling

Scanlan, A.T., Dascombe, B. J., Reaburn, P. R. and Osborne, M. (2008) The effects of wearing lower-body compression garments during endurance cycling. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 3 4: 424-438.


Author Scanlan, A.T.
Dascombe, B. J.
Reaburn, P. R.
Osborne, M.
Title The effects of wearing lower-body compression garments during endurance cycling
Journal name International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1555-0265
1555-0273
Publication date 2008-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 3
Issue 4
Start page 424
End page 438
Total pages 15
Place of publication Champaign, IL, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Language eng
Subject 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Formatted abstract
 Purpose:
 The present investigation examined the physiological and performance effects of lower-body compression garments (LBCG) during a one-hour cycling time-trial in well-trained cyclists. 

Methods:
 Twelve well-trained male cyclists ([mean +/- SD] age: 20.5 +/- 3.6 years; height: 177.5 +/- 4.9 cm; body mass: 70.5 +/- 7.5 kg; VO2max: 55.2 +/- 6.8 mL.kg-1.min-1) volunteered for the study. Each subject completed two randomly ordered stepwise incremental tests and two randomly ordered one-hour time trials (1HTT) wearing either full-length SportSkins Classic LBCG or underwear briefs (control). Blood lactate concentration ([BLa-]), heart rate (HR), oxygen consumption (VO2) and muscle oxygenation (mOxy) were recorded throughout each test. Indicators of cycling endurance performance were anaerobic threshold (AnT) and VO2max values from the incremental test, and mean power (W), peak power (W), and total work (kJ) from the 1HTT. Magnitude-based inferences were used to determine if LBCG demonstrated any performance and/or physiological benefits. 

Results:
 A likely practically significant increase (86%:12%:2%; eta2 = 0.6) in power output at AnT was observed in the LBCG condition (CONT: 245.9 +/- 55.7 W; LBCG: 259.8 +/- 44.6 W). Further, a possible practically significant improvement (78%:19%:3%; eta2 = 0.6) was reported in muscle oxygenation economy (W.%mOxy-1) across the 1HTT (mOxy: CONT: 52.2 +/- 12.2%; LBCG: 57.3 +/- 8.2%). 

Conclusions:
 The present results demonstrated limited physiological benefits and no performance enhancement through wearing LBCG during a cycling time trial
Keyword Cyclists
Exercise testing
Male
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 37 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 22 Mar 2010, 10:51:02 EST by Ms May Balasaize on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences