Health and wellbeing through work and retirement transitions in mature age: Understanding pre-post and retrospective measures of change

Wells, Yvonne, de Vaus, David, Kendig, Hal and Quine, Susan (2009) Health and wellbeing through work and retirement transitions in mature age: Understanding pre-post and retrospective measures of change. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 69 4: 287-310. doi:10.2190/AG.69.4.c


Author Wells, Yvonne
de Vaus, David
Kendig, Hal
Quine, Susan
Title Health and wellbeing through work and retirement transitions in mature age: Understanding pre-post and retrospective measures of change
Journal name International Journal of Aging and Human Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0091-4150
1541-3535
Publication date 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2190/AG.69.4.c
Volume 69
Issue 4
Start page 287
End page 310
Total pages 24
Place of publication Amityville, NY, U.S.A.
Publisher Baywood Publishing
Language eng
Abstract The capacity to measure change is essential in examining successful adaptation to ageing. Few studies measuring change have compared findings using pre-post approaches (employing difference scores) with those from retrospective approaches (employing self-ratings). Where this has occurred, differences have been attributed either to ceiling and floor effects or to the operation of social comparison (Choi, 2002, 2003). Our study compared pre-post and retrospective measures of change in health, health behaviors, and wellbeing over periods of 1 and 3 years among retirees. Retrospective measures were found to be more positive than pre-post measures. This discrepancy was associated with floor and ceiling effects and with a robust self-image, but not with recency, social comparison, or social desirability response sets. Pre-post difference scores have limitations as indicators of change, particularly where ceiling effects operate. A retrospective perception of improvement, combined with deterioration in scores, may result from successful psychological adaptation as people grow older.
Keyword Self-rated health
Mortality
Women
Populations
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online January 06, 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences - Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 21 Mar 2010, 00:06:20 EST