Relations between violence, calendar events and ambient conditions

Sivarajasingam, V., Corcoran, J., Jones, D., Ware, A. and Shepherd, J. (2004) Relations between violence, calendar events and ambient conditions. Injury, 35 5: 467-473. doi:10.1016/S0020-1383(03)00241-9


Author Sivarajasingam, V.
Corcoran, J.
Jones, D.
Ware, A.
Shepherd, J.
Title Relations between violence, calendar events and ambient conditions
Journal name Injury   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0020-1383
1879-0267
Publication date 2004-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0020-1383(03)00241-9
Volume 35
Issue 5
Start page 467
End page 473
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Elsevier Science
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
National assault injury surveillance has identified major seasonal variation, but it is not clear whether assault injury is a seasonal problem in large cities. Relationships between community violence, calendar events and ambient conditions were investigated with reference to prospective, Accident and Emergency (A&E) derived information obtained from people injured in assaults in Cardiff between 1 May 1995 and 30 April 2000. Records of daily local ambient conditions included data relating to temperature, rainfall and sunshine hours and data of major local sporting events and annual holidays were studied. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate associations between variables. Overall, 19,264 assault-related A&E attendances were identified over the 5-year period. Almost three-quarters were males. Violence was clustered predominantly on Saturdays and Sundays, New Year and rugby international days. Temperature, rainfall and sunlight hours did not correlate significantly with violence (P>0.05). The findings indicate that injury reduction effort should be intensified at the known risk times for violence and that in a capital city/regional centre violence cannot be predicted on the basis of ambient conditions.
Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Violence
Injury
Association
Temperature
Rainfall
Sunshine
Calendar events
Accident and Emergency
City-centre
Seasonality
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 17 Mar 2010, 13:56:55 EST by Tara Johnson on behalf of Faculty of Science