Regime-induced displacement and decision-making within the United Nations Security Council: The cases of Northern Iraq, Kosovo, and Darfur

Orchard, Phil (2010) Regime-induced displacement and decision-making within the United Nations Security Council: The cases of Northern Iraq, Kosovo, and Darfur. Global Responsibility to Protect, 2 1-2: 101-126. doi:10.1163/187598410X12602515137455

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Author Orchard, Phil
Title Regime-induced displacement and decision-making within the United Nations Security Council: The cases of Northern Iraq, Kosovo, and Darfur
Journal name Global Responsibility to Protect   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1875-9858
1875-984X
Publication date 2010-02-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1163/187598410X12602515137455
Volume 2
Issue 1-2
Start page 101
End page 126
Total pages 25
Editor Alex J. Bellamy
Sara E. Davies
Luke Glanville
Place of publication Leiden, Netherlands
Publisher Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject 160607 International Relations
940301 Defence and Security Policy
940303 International Organisations
Formatted abstract
Regime-Induced Displacement - when governments deliberately use coercive tactics to cause mass displacement - is an increasing phenomenon. It is a problem for the international community because these situations challenge the ability of international and non-governmental organisations to provide the displaced with basic levels of protection and assistance. Yet even while these crises frequently cross the threshold envisioned in the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine, the Security Council has generally avoided direct interventions, as the ongoing crisis in Darfur demonstrates. This paper argues that this is not new behaviour. Rather, even the two most notable interventions to protect the displaced in these situations - the US-led military deployment in Northern Iraq in 1991 and the NATO-led intervention in Kosovo - were driven by circumstances and politics outside of the Council. This suggests that even as regime-induced displacement is increasing, the likelihood of seeing the Security Council use the R2P doctrine to protect the displaced without reform is negligible.
Keyword Regime-induced displacement
UN Security Council
Iraq
Kosovo
Darfur
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Political Science and International Studies Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 17 Mar 2010, 20:57:15 EST by Dr Phil Orchard on behalf of School of Political Science & Internat'l Studies