Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI)

Gucciardi, Daniel F. and Gordon, Sandy (2009) Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI). Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 12: 1293-1310. doi:10.1080/02640410903242306


Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Gordon, Sandy
Title Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI)
Journal name Journal of Sports Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0264-0414
1466-447X
Publication date 2009-10
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1080/02640410903242306
Volume 27
Issue 12
Start page 1293
End page 1310
Total pages 18
Place of publication England, U.K.
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Abstract The purpose of this research project was to develop a psychometrically sound measure of mental toughness in cricket, using a multi-method research design. Two qualitative studies in which current and former cricketers' (n=16) perceptions of the key components of mental toughness in cricket and the suitability of an item pool to target those key components (n=9) were assessed. We then conducted two quantitative studies to examine both the within- and between-network properties of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI) using confirmatory factor analysis and correlations. Support for the existence of a five-factor, 15-item model was revealed with three independent samples of cricketers; two contained cricketers from several different countries (n=285 and 285), whereas one contained Australian cricketers only (n=433). Each of the five subscales (affective intelligence, attentional control, resilience, self-belief, and desire to achieve) were positively correlated with dispositional flow, hardiness, and resilience and negatively correlated with athlete burnout. Although requiring replication and extension, the results of the present study provide preliminary support for the factor structure, internal reliability, and construct validity of the CMTI. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.
Keyword Multi-method research
Questionnaire development
hardiness
resilience
burnout
flow
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 25 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 30 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 16 Mar 2010, 10:21:10 EST by Dr Daniel Gucciardi on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences