Do developmental differences in mental toughness exist between specialized and invested Australian footballers?

Gucciardi, Daniel F. (2009) Do developmental differences in mental toughness exist between specialized and invested Australian footballers?. Personality & Individual Differences, 47 8: 985-989. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.08.001


Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Title Do developmental differences in mental toughness exist between specialized and invested Australian footballers?
Journal name Personality & Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
Publication date 2009-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2009.08.001
Volume 47
Issue 8
Start page 985
End page 989
Total pages 5
Place of publication Oxford ; New York ; Sydney
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Formatted abstract
Using a cross-sectional design, the primary purpose of the present study was to examine developmental differences in mental toughness between specialized and invested Australian footballers. A secondary purpose was to examine the psychometric properties of the Australian football Mental Toughness Inventory (AfMTI; Gucciardi, Gordon, & Dimmock, 2009a) with a sample of youth footballers. Participants were 350 footballers aged between 13 and 18 (M = 15.88; SD = 1.71); 144 (Mage = 14.06; SD = .89) and 206 (Mage = 17.02; SD = 1.06) footballers from the specialized and investment developmental stages, respectively. A confirmatory factor analysis of the AfMTI using AMOS did not reveal support for its psychometric structure; however, a revised version received support. A MANOVA revealed the presence of a significant difference between the two developmental groups, and follow-up ANOVA’s indicated that the desire success and sport awareness subscales contributed to multivariate effect. It appears that developmental differences should be considered in future theorizing on the development of mental toughness.
Keyword Developmental model of sport participation
Youth sport
Psychological development
Australian football
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 16 Mar 2010, 20:15:08 EST by Dr Daniel Gucciardi on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences