Experienced golfers' perceptions on choking under pressure

Gucciardi, Daniel F., Longbottom, Jay-Lee, Jackson, Ben and Dimmock, James A. (2010) Experienced golfers' perceptions on choking under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32 1: 61-83.

Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Longbottom, Jay-Lee
Jackson, Ben
Dimmock, James A.
Title Experienced golfers' perceptions on choking under pressure
Formatted title
Experienced golfers’ perceptions on choking under pressure
Journal name Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0895-2779
Publication date 2010-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 32
Issue 1
Start page 61
End page 83
Total pages 23
Editor Rainer Martens
Place of publication Champaign, IL, U.S.A.
Publisher Human Kinetics
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Formatted abstract
Although researchers have experimentally examined the mechanisms underlying pressure-induced forms of suboptimal performance, or " choking under pressure," there is a lack of research exploring the personal experience of this phenomenon. In an attempt to fill this void in the literature, this study explored experienced golfers' perceptions of the choking experience within a personal construct psychology (Kelly, 1955/1991) framework. Both male and female golfers participated in either a focus group (n = 12; all males) or one-on-one interview (n = 10; female = 7, male = 3) using experience cycle methodology (Oades & Viney, 2000) to describe their perceptions of the choking experience. Discussions were transcribed verbatim and subsequently analyzed using grounded theory analytical techniques (Strauss & Corbin, 1998). Analyses revealed five central categories representing the personal experience of choking under pressure: antecedents, personal investment, choking event, consequences, and learning experiences. The findings reported here suggest that the choking phenomenon, which can involve acute or chronic bouts of suboptimal performance (relative to the performance expectations of the athlete), is a complex process involving the interplay of several cognitive, attentional, emotional, and situational factors. Implications of the findings for a construct definition of choking are discussed, and several applied considerations are offered.
© 2010 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Keyword Experience cycle methodology
Personal construct psychology
Grounded theory
Focus group
Mental toughness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 30 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 16 Mar 2010, 10:10:36 EST by Dr Daniel Gucciardi on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences