Rosetta phase II: measuring and interpreting cultural differences in cognition. Final report

Klein, Helen Altman, Lin, Mei-Hua, Peng, Kaiping, Bhal, Kanika, Radford, Mark H. B., Choi, Incheol, Noor, Noraini Mohd, Khalid, Halimahtun M. and Chan, David (2008) Rosetta phase II: measuring and interpreting cultural differences in cognition. Final report Not available: Air Force Research Laboratory/Human Effectiveness & AORD

Author Klein, Helen Altman
Lin, Mei-Hua
Peng, Kaiping
Bhal, Kanika
Radford, Mark H. B.
Choi, Incheol
Noor, Noraini Mohd
Khalid, Halimahtun M.
Chan, David
Title of report Rosetta phase II: measuring and interpreting cultural differences in cognition. Final report
Publication date 2008
Publisher Air Force Research Laboratory/Human Effectiveness & AORD
Place of publication Not available
Total pages 107
Language eng
Subjects 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Abstract/Summary This report documents Phase II of the Rosetta Project to identify and measure cultural differences in the way people perform complex cognitive tasks. We have taken advantage of developments in cognitive psychology to expand the test battery. This has allowed us to gain a richer picture of national differences in cognition and to capture cognitive differences important in naturalistic setting. Seven national groups participated in the main study, each group including 196-212 participants. The Western samples were from two United States schools: The University of California-Berkeley and Wright State University. The East Asian samples were from Beijing University in China, Hokkaido University and Hokkai Gakuen University in Japan, and Seoul National University in Korea. The South Asian samples were from International Islamic University in Malaysia, and Indian Institute of Technology in India. In addition to these main samples, two exploratory groups of 30 participants each of Indonesian and Arabic speakers, attending International Islamic University were included. The Rosetta II project used four types of research measures. (a) We used two self-report scales of Analytical-Holistic reasoning, the Analytic-Holism Scale (AHS) and the Dialectical Thinking Inventory (DTI), because previous research has suggested regional difference in this type of reasoning. (b) We used four measures of basic cognition: The Exclusion Task, the Word Association Test, Relevance for Facts, and Memory for Facts. (c) We assessed complex cognition using Dynamic Cognition and the Cognition in Context. (d) We examined personal characteristics by using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), the Impression Management Scale (IMS), and a Demographic Questionnaire. All material was prepared for use in the language of participants using standard translations testing, and scoring procedures. SPSS was used for data analysis.
Keyword cognition
culture
Psychological tests
Decision Making
Far East
Perception Psychology
planning
reasoning
South Asia
uncertainty
United States
Q-Index Code AX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Report number A474784

 
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Created: Mon, 15 Mar 2010, 10:27:54 EST by Thelma Whitbourne on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences