A comparison of the properties of manufactured soils produced from composting municipal green waste alone or with poultry manure or grease trap/septage waste

Belyaeva, Oxana N. and Haynes, Richard John (2010) A comparison of the properties of manufactured soils produced from composting municipal green waste alone or with poultry manure or grease trap/septage waste. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 46 3: 271-281. doi:10.1007/s00374-009-0423-6


Author Belyaeva, Oxana N.
Haynes, Richard John
Title A comparison of the properties of manufactured soils produced from composting municipal green waste alone or with poultry manure or grease trap/septage waste
Journal name Biology and Fertility of Soils   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0178-2762
1432-0789
Publication date 2010-03-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00374-009-0423-6
Volume 46
Issue 3
Start page 271
End page 281
Total pages 11
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Manufactured soil for landscaping purposes was produced by composting for 6 weeks (1) municipal green waste alone, (2) green waste amended with 25% v/v poultry manure, or (3) green waste immersed in, and then removed from, a mixture of liquid grease trap waste/septage. Composting temperatures increased most rapidly and reached highest values (78ºC) in the grease trap/septage-amended green waste. In comparison with green waste alone, addition of poultry manure prolonged the period of elevated temperatures and increased the maximum temperature attained from 52ºC to 61ºC. Following composting, each of the materials was split into (1) 100% compost, (2) 80% compost plus 20% v/v soil, and (3) 70% compost plus 20% soil plus 10% coal fly ash. Addition of poultry manure or grease trap/septage to green waste prior to composting increased bulk density and reduced total porosity of the composted product. Addition of soil, or soil and ash, to composts increased bulk density, reduced total porosity, decreased percentage macropores, and increased percentage mesopores and available water-holding capacity. Bicarbonate-extractable P, exchangeable NH4+ and NO3, electrical conductivity (EC), soluble C, soluble C as a percentage of organic C, basal respiration, and metabolic quotient were all markedly greater in the grease trap/septage-amended than poultry manure-amended or green waste alone treatments. Values for extractable P and EC were considered large enough to be damaging to plant growth and germination index (GI) of watercress was less than 60% for all grease trap/septage composts. Extractable P and EC were also high, and GI was <100%, in the green waste alone and poultry manure-amended green waste alone treatments. Addition of soil or soil and ash to these composts resulted in GI values >100%.
Keyword Available water
Available nutrients
Compost
Green waste
Manufactured soil
Microbial activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes First available online November 2009

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 14 Mar 2010, 10:07:13 EST