Archaeological spatial variability on Bribie Island, southeast Queensland

Smith, Annette Deborah (Tam) (2004). Archaeological spatial variability on Bribie Island, southeast Queensland M.A. Thesis, School of Social science, The University of Queensland.

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Author Smith, Annette Deborah (Tam)
Thesis Title Archaeological spatial variability on Bribie Island, southeast Queensland
School, Centre or Institute School of Social science
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2004-04-18
Thesis type M.A. Thesis
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Supervisor -
Total pages 181
Language eng
Subjects 210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology
Formatted abstract
Aspects of a hypothetical model of Aboriginal subsistence and settlement on Bribie Island, Southeast Queensland were tested by a technological analysis of stone artefacts. The original model posited movement over the island north-south along the remnant Pleistocene dune system, with limited west-east movement where swamps did not present a barrier. It also posited that groups coalesced and dispersed in response to varying stimuli; and that the two largest sites were semi-permanent residential areas as well as major import points for stone. As stone does not naturally occur on Bribie Island raw materials (and perhaps finished artefacts) were imported. A number of assumptions were made concerning the nature of spatial patterning of artefacts and raw materials relative to hypothesised import points. These included correlations between distance from import points and raw material variability, reliability of raw material, variability in artefact technical categories, and relative artefact size. Analysis results refuted these assumptions. No patterns relating to the import of raw materials and/or artefacts were revealed. The two large sites could not be identified as stone import points on the basis of a distance-decay model. However, statistically significant differences were demonstrated between whole flake and core attributes on the eastern and western sides of the Island, suggesting differential use of the eastern and western dune ridges. A reanalysis and explanation of Aboriginal settlement based on the archaeological data and consideration of the Aboriginal socio-cultural networks throughout Southeast Queensland is presented.
Keyword Archaeology -- Queensland -- Bribie Island.
Additional Notes The author has given permission for this thesis to be made open access.

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