Periodontal disease and systemic health: Current status

Cullinan, M. P., Ford, P. J. and Seymour, G. J. (2009) Periodontal disease and systemic health: Current status. Australian Dental Journal, 54 s1: S62-S69. doi:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2009.01144.x


Author Cullinan, M. P.
Ford, P. J.
Seymour, G. J.
Title Periodontal disease and systemic health: Current status
Journal name Australian Dental Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0045-0421
1834-7819
Publication date 2009-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2009.01144.x
Volume 54
Issue s1
Start page S62
End page S69
Total pages 8
Editor P.M. Bartold
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Abstract The relationship between poor oral health and systemic diseases has been increasingly recognized over the past two decades. Indeed, the clichés "You cannot have good general health without good oral health", "The mouth is part of the body" and "Floss or die", are gaining an increasing momentum. A large number of epidemiological studies have now linked poor oral health with cardiovascular diseases, poor glycaemic control in diabetics, low birthweight preterm babies and a variety of other conditions. The majority have shown an association, although not always strong. As a result, a number of meta-analyses have been conducted and have confirmed the associations and at the same time cautioned that further studies are required, particularly with regard to the effect of periodontal treatment in reducing risk. A number of biologically plausible mechanisms have been put forward to explain the association and there is accumulating evidence in support of them, although at this stage, insufficient to establish causality. Nevertheless, the relationship between poor oral health and systemic diseases has become a significant issue, such that adult oral health can no longer be ignored in overall health strategies. This review provides an update on current understanding of the contribution of poor oral health to systemic diseases, the possible mechanisms involved and the relevance of this for general dental practitioners.
Keyword Cardiovascular disease
Diabetes
Periodontitis
Preterm birth
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Dentistry Publications
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 09 Feb 2010, 12:53:28 EST by Margot Dallinger on behalf of School of Dentistry