Occurrence and mass flows of fluorochemicals in the Glatt Valley watershed, Switzerland

Huset, Carin A., Chiaia, Aurea C., Barofsky, Douglas F., Jonkers, Niels, Kohler, Hans-Peter E., Ort, Christoph, Giger, Walter and Field, Jennifer A. (2008) Occurrence and mass flows of fluorochemicals in the Glatt Valley watershed, Switzerland. Environmental Science & Technology, 42 17: 6369-6377. doi:10.1021/es703062f

Author Huset, Carin A.
Chiaia, Aurea C.
Barofsky, Douglas F.
Jonkers, Niels
Kohler, Hans-Peter E.
Ort, Christoph
Giger, Walter
Field, Jennifer A.
Title Occurrence and mass flows of fluorochemicals in the Glatt Valley watershed, Switzerland
Journal name Environmental Science & Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0013-936X
Publication date 2008-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1021/es703062f
Volume 42
Issue 17
Start page 6369
End page 6377
Total pages 9
Place of publication Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
Publisher American Chemical Society
Language eng
Subject 0502 Environmental Science and Management
050206 Environmental Monitoring
Formatted abstract
Fluorochemicals are persistent contaminants that are globally distributed in air, water, sediments, and biota. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) play an important role in mitigating pollutant releases from municipalities to aquatic and terrestrial environments. However, because WWTPs are point sources of fluorochemicals, it is important to understand their contribution to fluorochemical burdens in the greater context of watersheds. To this end, over a 1 week period, the mass flows of 11 fluorochemicals from seven WWTPs that discharge effluent into the Glatt River in Switzerland were measured and compared to the measured mass flows within the Glatt River. Overall, the fluorochemicals were not removed efficiently during wastewater treatment. Effluents from WWTPs and Glatt River water were dominated by perfluorooctane sulfonate, which was detected in all samples, followed by perfluorohexane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate. The mass flows of fluorochemicals emanating from WWTPs were found to be conserved within the 35 km Glatt River, which indicates that input from the WWTPs is additive and that removal within the Glatt River is not significant. Per capita discharges of fluorochemicals were calculated from the populations served by the WWTPs studied; the values determined also account for the fluorochemical content of Lake Greifen (Greifensee), which is a lake at the headwaters of the Glatt River that also receives treated wastewater.
© 2008 American Chemical Society
Keyword Surface water
Pollutant behavior
Waste water purification
Point source
Sewage treatment plant
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid
Perfluorooctanoic acid
Chemical oxygen demand
Wastewater reclamation
Wastewater treatment
Water recycling
Water treatment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes "This article is part of the Giger Tribute Issue special issue."

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
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