Spatial and temporal patterns of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment: a review

Stamm, C., Alder, A. C., Fenner, K., Hollender, J., Krauss, M., McArdell, C. S., Ort, C. and Schneider, M. K. (2008) Spatial and temporal patterns of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment: a review. Geography Compass, 2 3: 920-955. doi:10.1111/j.1749-8198.2008.00104.x


Author Stamm, C.
Alder, A. C.
Fenner, K.
Hollender, J.
Krauss, M.
McArdell, C. S.
Ort, C.
Schneider, M. K.
Title Spatial and temporal patterns of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment: a review
Journal name Geography Compass   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1749-8198
Publication date 2008-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1749-8198.2008.00104.x
Volume 2
Issue 3
Start page 920
End page 955
Total pages 36
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling
Abstract In recent years, human and veterinary pharmaceuticals have received much attention as pollutants of water bodies or drinking water resources due to possible negative effects on humans or the ecosystem even at very low concentrations. Over the last 10 years, considerable progress has been made regarding the knowledge of the exposure of water bodies to those drugs. This review summarizes the present understanding in this broad and interdisciplinary field incorporating contributions ranging from trace analytics to spatially distributed modelling of point-source and diffuse pollution. It discusses the main factors and processes controlling the environmental fate of pharmaceuticals from their usage to their spatial and temporal occurrence in water bodies. The current research is still rather phenomenological and further advancement of the field requires more integrated, quantitative mass flux analyses. Such analyses should also consider the explicit incorporation of uncertainties that appropriately reflect the current limited understanding and data availability.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 05 Feb 2010, 09:31:02 EST by Jon Swabey on behalf of Faculty Of Engineering, Architecture & Info Tech