Paid and unpaid Work in Australian households: Towards an understanding of the new gender division of labour

Chesters, Jennifer, Baxter, Janeen and Western, Mark (2008). Paid and unpaid Work in Australian households: Towards an understanding of the new gender division of labour. In: Families through life: 10th Australian Institute of Family Studies Conference Proceedings. 10th Australian Institute of Family Studies Conference, Melbourne, Australia, (1-24). 9-11 July 2008.


Author Chesters, Jennifer
Baxter, Janeen
Western, Mark
Title of paper Paid and unpaid Work in Australian households: Towards an understanding of the new gender division of labour
Conference name 10th Australian Institute of Family Studies Conference
Conference location Melbourne, Australia
Conference dates 9-11 July 2008
Proceedings title Families through life: 10th Australian Institute of Family Studies Conference Proceedings
Place of Publication Melbourne, Australia
Publisher Australian Institute of Family Studies
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Fully published paper
Open Access Status
Start page 1
End page 24
Total pages 24
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Recent changes in the labour force participation rates of men and women give rise to new questions regarding the division of labour in Australian families. Over the last few decades we have seen a marked increase in the labour force participation rates of women and a decline in the labour force participation rates of men. In the majority of households both partners are now engaged in paid employment. Our research, and that of others, has shown that these changing labour force participation rates have not automatically led to a radical reorganisation of the domestic division of labour, suggesting that women are adding their paid work hours to their unpaid work hours, effectively doing a ‘second shift’. Therefore, it is timely to consider how couples divide total work for the household, that is, the combination of paid and unpaid work. In this study, we use data collected in a 2005 national Australian survey to examine whether women in dual earner families have higher total workloads than men in dual earner families. We find that in “new traditional” households women continue to undertake a larger proportion of unpaid work. In dual full-time earner households, however the gender gap in men’s and women’s total workload is far less evident. We conclude that the second shift is most apparent in “new traditional” households. In dual full-time earner households on the other hand, there is a new gender division of labour that reflects women’s declining involvement in unpaid work and increased involvement in paid work.
Subjects 1608 Sociology
Keyword Domestic division of labour
Paid and unpaid work
Gender division of labour
New traditional households
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published in conference proceedings. Subsequently published in Australian Journal of Labour Economics.

 
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Created: Thu, 28 Jan 2010, 11:04:33 EST by Ms Therese Nolan-brown on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences