Community variations in violence: The role of social ties and collective efficacy in comparative context

Mazerolle, Lorraine, Wickes, Rebecca and McBroom, James (2010) Community variations in violence: The role of social ties and collective efficacy in comparative context. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 47 1: 3-30. doi:10.1177/0022427809348898

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Author Mazerolle, Lorraine
Wickes, Rebecca
McBroom, James
Title Community variations in violence: The role of social ties and collective efficacy in comparative context
Journal name Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-4278
1552-731X
Publication date 2010-02
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0022427809348898
Volume 47
Issue 1
Start page 3
End page 30
Total pages 28
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, U.S.A.
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Subject C1
940116 Social Class and Inequalities
160201 Causes and Prevention of Crime
Formatted abstract This article explores the relative roles of social ties and collective efficacy in explaining community variations in violent victimization in Australia. Using data from a survey of 2,859 residents across 82 communities in the city of Brisbane, coupled with official reported crime data provided by the Queensland Police Service and Australian Bureau of Statistics census data for 2001, the authors employ multilevel statistical models to depict the relative importance of social ties and collective efficacy in predicting between-neighborhood violent victimization in an Australian context. The models include measures of social relationships and community-based crime prevention programs, and the authors compare and contrast their findings with studies of collective efficacy in Chicago and Stockholm, finding similar results. These findings suggest that despite structural and cultural differences between the United States and Australia in particular, collective efficacy is a significant mechanism in explaining the spatial distribution of self-reported violent victimization in the Australian context. This research underscores the importance of cross-cultural theory testing and the need to further develop the measurement of ecological constructs such as social ties and organizational behavior.
Keyword Collective efficacy
Social ties
Violence
Urban communities
Crime prevention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online before print December 4, 2009.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
 
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