Late onset neonatal gram-negative bacillary infection in Australia and New Zealand: 1992-2002

Gordon, A., Isaacs, D., Barfield, C., Bourchier, D., Bury, G., Dargaville, P., Bucens, I., Ruben, A., Cartwright, D., Clothier, T., Ehrlich, J., Morey, F., Darlow, B., Fraser, S., Gilbert, L. and Grimwood, K. (2006) Late onset neonatal gram-negative bacillary infection in Australia and New Zealand: 1992-2002. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 25 1: 25-29. doi:10.1097/01.inf.0000195628.35980.2e

Author Gordon, A.
Isaacs, D.
Barfield, C.
Bourchier, D.
Bury, G.
Dargaville, P.
Bucens, I.
Ruben, A.
Cartwright, D.
Clothier, T.
Ehrlich, J.
Morey, F.
Darlow, B.
Fraser, S.
Gilbert, L.
Grimwood, K.
Title Late onset neonatal gram-negative bacillary infection in Australia and New Zealand: 1992-2002
Journal name The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0891-3668
Publication date 2006-01
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/01.inf.0000195628.35980.2e
Volume 25
Issue 1
Start page 25
End page 29
Total pages 5
Place of publication Maryland Heights, Missouri, U.S.
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Subject 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
111403 Paediatrics
Formatted abstract
Late onset neonatal Gram-negative bacillary infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality.

To determine the incidence and mortality from late onset Gram-negative bacillary infections in neonatal units.

An 11-year longitudinal prospective surveillance study. Clinicians in 20 neonatal units in Australia and New Zealand collected data. Late onset sepsis was defined as clinical signs of infection starting more than 48 hours after birth, with laboratory evidence supporting sepsis and pure growth of a pathogen from blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid.

Overall, 702 of 3113 (22.5%) episodes of late onset sepsis in 681 infants were from Gram-negative bacilli. Overall mortality was 20.8% (142 of 681 infants) and significantly related to maturity, birth weight and infecting organism. Mortality was 25% for infants <30 weeks compared with 11.5% for infants ≥30 weeks gestation (P < 0.0001) and 24.2% for infants with birth weights <1500 g versus 12.7% if ≥1500 g (P < 0.0001). Infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa was associated with 52.3% mortality (46 of 88 infants), significantly higher than the 13.7% to 23.8% fatality from other Gram-negative bacilli (P < 0.0001). During the surveillance, the late onset Gram-negative bacillary infection rate remained stable at 1.14 per 1000 live births (range 0.87-1.5). Similarly, mortality was unchanged, being 0.25 per 1000 live births (range 0.12-0.43).

Gram-negative bacilli remain important causes of late onset neonatal sepsis, especially among very low birth weight infants, and result in a high mortality, particularly with P. aeruginosa infections. 
Keyword Late onset infection
New Zealand
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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