Patterns of differentiation in a colour polymorphism and in neutral markers reveal rapid genetic changes in natural damselfly populations

Abbott, J. K., Bensch, S., Gosden, T. P. and Svensson, E. I. (2008) Patterns of differentiation in a colour polymorphism and in neutral markers reveal rapid genetic changes in natural damselfly populations. Molecular Ecology, 17 6: 1597-1604. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03641.x


Author Abbott, J. K.
Bensch, S.
Gosden, T. P.
Svensson, E. I.
Title Patterns of differentiation in a colour polymorphism and in neutral markers reveal rapid genetic changes in natural damselfly populations
Journal name Molecular Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0962-1083
1365-294X
Publication date 2008-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03641.x
Volume 17
Issue 6
Start page 1597
End page 1604
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 06 Biological Sciences
0602 Ecology
Formatted abstract
The existence and mode of selection operating on heritable adaptive traits can be inferred by comparing population differentiation in neutral genetic variation between populations (often using FST values) with the corresponding estimates for adaptive traits. Such comparisons indicate if selection acts in a diversifying way between populations, in which case differentiation in selected traits is expected to exceed differentiation in neutral markers [FST (selected) > FST (neutral)], or if negative frequency-dependent selection maintains genetic polymorphisms and pulls populations towards a common stable equilibrium [FST (selected) < FST (neutral)]. Here, we compared FST values for putatively neutral data (obtained using amplified fragment length polymorphism) with estimates of differentiation in morph frequencies in the colour-polymorphic damselfly Ischnura elegans. We found that in the first year (2000), population differentiation in morph frequencies was significantly greater than differentiation in neutral loci, while in 2002 (only 2 years and 2 generations later), population differentiation in morph frequencies had decreased to a level significantly lower than differentiation in neutral loci. Genetic drift as an explanation for population differentiation in morph frequencies could thus be rejected in both years. These results indicate that the type and/or strength of selection on morph frequencies in this system can change substantially between years. We suggest that an approach to a common equilibrium morph frequency across all populations, driven by negative frequency-dependent selection, is the cause of these temporal changes. We conclude that inferences about selection obtained by comparing FST values from neutral and adaptive genetic variation are most useful when spatial and temporal data are available from several populations and time points and when such information is combined with other ecological sources of data
Keyword AFLP
Extinction–recolonization dynamics
Frequency dependence
Genetic drift
Nonequilibrium conditions
Population divergence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 13 Jan 2010, 14:53:50 EST by Therese Egan on behalf of Faculty of Science