More human than you: Attributing humanness to self and others

Haslam, N, Bain, P, Douge, L, Lee, M and Bastian, B (2005) More human than you: Attributing humanness to self and others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89 6: 937-950. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.89.6.937

Author Haslam, N
Bain, P
Douge, L
Lee, M
Bastian, B
Title More human than you: Attributing humanness to self and others
Journal name Journal of Personality and Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3514
Publication date 2005-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/0022-3514.89.6.937
Volume 89
Issue 6
Start page 937
End page 950
Total pages 14
Place of publication Pennsylvania, U.S.
Publisher American Psychological Association
Language eng
Subject 1701 Psychology
Abstract People typically evaluate their in-groups more favorably than out-groups and themselves more favorably than others. Research on infrahumanization also suggests a preferential attribution of the "human essence" to in-groups, independent of in-group favoritism. The authors propose a corresponding phenomenon in interpersonal comparisons: People attribute greater humanness to themselves than to others, independent of self-enhancement. Study 1 and a pilot study demonstrated 2 distinct understandings of humanness--traits representing human nature and those that are uniquely human--and showed that only the former traits are understood as inhering essences. In Study 2, participants rated themselves higher than their peers on human nature traits but not on uniquely human traits, independent of self-enhancement. Study 3 replicated this "self-humanization" effect and indicated that it is partially mediated by attribution of greater depth to self versus others. Study 4 replicated the effect experimentally. Thus, people perceive themselves to be more essentially human than others. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)
Keyword Attribution
Human Nature
Ingroup Outgroup
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
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Created: Tue, 12 Jan 2010, 14:46:41 EST by Tara Johnson on behalf of Institute for Social Science Research