Disease and health management in Asian aquaculture

Bondad-Reantaso, Melba G., Subasinghe, Rohana P., Arthur, J. Richard, Ogawa, Kazuo, Chinabut, Supranee, Adlard, Robert, Tan, Zilong and Shariff, Mohamed (2005) Disease and health management in Asian aquaculture. Veterinary Parasitology, 132 3-4: 249-272. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.07.005


Author Bondad-Reantaso, Melba G.
Subasinghe, Rohana P.
Arthur, J. Richard
Ogawa, Kazuo
Chinabut, Supranee
Adlard, Robert
Tan, Zilong
Shariff, Mohamed
Title Disease and health management in Asian aquaculture
Journal name Veterinary Parasitology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0304-4017
Publication date 2005-09-30
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.07.005
Volume 132
Issue 3-4
Start page 249
End page 272
Total pages 24
Place of publication Amsterdam , Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 0707 Veterinary Sciences
Abstract Asia contributes more than 90% to the world's aquaculture production. Like other farming systems, aquaculture is plagued with disease problems resulting from its intensification and commercialization. This paper describes the various factors, providing specific examples, which have contributed to the current disease problems faced by what is now the fastest growing food-producing sector globally. These include increased globalization of trade and markets; the intensification of fish-farming practices through the movement of broodstock, postlarvae, fry and fingerlings; the introduction of new species for aquaculture development; the expansion of the ornamental fish trade; the enhancement of marine and coastal areas through the stocking of aquatic animals raised in hatcheries; the unanticipated interactions between cultured and wild populations of aquatic animals; poor or lack of effective biosecurity measures; slow awareness on emerging diseases; the misunderstanding and misuse of specific pathogen free (SPF) stocks; climate change; other human-mediated movements of aquaculture commodities. Data on the socio-economic impacts of aquatic animal diseases are also presented, including estimates of losses in production, direct and indirect income and employment, market access or share of investment, and consumer confidence; food availability; industry failures. Examples of costs of investment in aquatic animal health-related activities, including national strategies, research, surveillance, control and other health management programmes are also provided. Finally, the strategies currently being implemented in the Asian region to deal with transboundary diseases affecting the aquaculture sector are highlighted. These include compliance with international codes, and development and implementation of regional guidelines and national aquatic animal health strategies; new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and new information technology; new biosecurity measures including risk analysis, epidemiology, surveillance, reporting and planning for emergency response to epizootics; targeted research; institutional strengthening and manpower development (education, training and extension research and diagnostic services).
Keyword Aquaculture
Parasite disease
Production loss
Disease management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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Created: Tue, 12 Jan 2010, 13:29:00 EST by Ms Lynette Adams on behalf of School of Chemistry & Molecular Biosciences