Balancing public and private sector roles in an effective seed supply system

Loch, D. S. and Boyce, K. G. (2003) Balancing public and private sector roles in an effective seed supply system. Field Crops Research, 84 1-2: 105-122. doi:10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00144-8

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Author Loch, D. S.
Boyce, K. G.
Title Balancing public and private sector roles in an effective seed supply system
Journal name Field Crops Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-4290
Publication date 2003-10
Year available 2003
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00144-8
Open Access Status
Volume 84
Issue 1-2
Start page 105
End page 122
Total pages 18
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier. (BIOSIS)
Language eng
Subject 0607 Plant Biology
16 Studies in Human Society
1699 Other Studies in Human Society
Abstract A seed supply system can be defined in general terms as that combination of components, processes and their organisation, along with the interactions and support involved in the production and marketing of seeds of one or more species to a particular user–client grouping in an ongoing way. Seed supply systems come in a variety of forms, and operate at a range of levels (national, regional and local) and with different plant materials used for different purposes. In all cases, however, the public and the private sectors have complementary roles in ensuring that there is an effective seed supply system, which can meet consumer needs in terms of the range of plant materials available and the quantities and quality of seed required at an affordable price. Nationally, it is the government that sets the policy framework within which seed supply systems must operate, and also provides some supporting infrastructure. The private sector then is responsible for the timely and cost-effective production and delivery of seed to end users/clients within the policy framework that has been set by government. The balance in terms of public–private sector roles and responsibilities differs from place to place and changes over time. This paper discusses the factors that help shape what is an effective seed supply system under a particular set of circumstances, but one that may not necessarily be as effective in other countries/regions or with a different product mix. It also considers the forces that lead to a gradual evolution of the system over time and to recent and more radical changes in major developed countries. The latter shift has been brought about by the commercial opportunities presented by genetic engineering and legal protection of the intellectual property (IP) in new plant varieties, coupled with a shift in government policy towards deregulation of the economy (and so greater industry selfregulation in areas like quality assurance). These factors have led to far-reaching structural changes in relation to commercial seed production and delivery in the developed world over the past decade. The recent changes in seed supply arrangements were focused initially on high volume arable food crops in the larger developed economies of North America and western Europe. However, they are now gradually moving through to lower volume seed markets and to smaller, less developed economies where they will have different implications for the development of effective country-specific seed supply policies.
Keyword Seed supply systems
Public sector
Private sector
Seed quality
Intellectual property
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 06 Jan 2010, 13:05:34 EST by Macushla Boyle on behalf of Faculty Of Nat Resources, Agric & Veterinary Sc