A systematic evaluation of the conservation plans for the pantanal wetland in Brazil

Lourival, R., McCallum, H., Grigg, G., Arcangelo, C., Machado, R. and Possingham, H. (2009) A systematic evaluation of the conservation plans for the pantanal wetland in Brazil. Wetlands, 29 4: 1189-1201. doi:10.1672/08-118.1


Author Lourival, R.
McCallum, H.
Grigg, G.
Arcangelo, C.
Machado, R.
Possingham, H.
Title A systematic evaluation of the conservation plans for the pantanal wetland in Brazil
Journal name Wetlands   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0277-5212
Publication date 2009-12
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1672/08-118.1
Volume 29
Issue 4
Start page 1189
End page 1201
Total pages 13
Editor Darold P. Batzer
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
961302 Protected Conservation Areas in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Abstract The Pantanal is the world's largest contiguous freshwater wetland spanning Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. It contains the greatest wildlife densities in the Neotropics and was enlisted by all three countries in the Ramsar convention on wetland conservation. The Brazilian government, together the UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Program, declared a biosphere reserve in the Pantanal in 2000. Other plans to protect the region include expansion of existing reserves and land use regulations following recommendations from the Cerrado-Pantanal priority setting workshop. Here we evaluated how four conservation scenarios complied with the principles of systematic conservation planning and analyzed their representativeness, efficiency, and complementarity using 17 vegetation classes as surrogates for regional biodiversity. We used MARXAN (systematic conservation planning software) to determine the value of the habitat types protected by each conservation scenario. We found that none of the four conservation scenarios met preferred areal targets for protection of habitats, nor did any protect all 17 biodiversity surrogates. The Pantanal Biosphere Reserve provided the best compromise in conservation planning.
Keyword Biosphere Reserve
CLUZ
efficiency
irreplaceability
MARXAN
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Sun, 27 Dec 2009, 00:00:08 EST