Biochemical requirements of virus wrapping by the endoplasmic reticulum: Involvement of ATP and endoplasmic reticulum calcium store during envelopment of African swine fever virus

Cobbold, Christian, Brookes, Sharon M. and Wileman, Thomas (2000) Biochemical requirements of virus wrapping by the endoplasmic reticulum: Involvement of ATP and endoplasmic reticulum calcium store during envelopment of African swine fever virus. Journal of Virology, 74 5: 2151-2160.


Author Cobbold, Christian
Brookes, Sharon M.
Wileman, Thomas
Title Biochemical requirements of virus wrapping by the endoplasmic reticulum: Involvement of ATP and endoplasmic reticulum calcium store during envelopment of African swine fever virus
Journal name Journal of Virology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1098-5514
0022-538X
Publication date 2000-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 74
Issue 5
Start page 2151
End page 2160
Place of publication Washington, D.C., U.S.
Publisher American Society for Microbiology
Language eng
Subject 11 Medical and Health Sciences
1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Abstract Enwrapment by membrane cisternae has emerged recently as a mechanism of envelopment for large enveloped DNA viruses, such as herpesviruses, poxviruses, and African swine fever (ASF) virus. For both ASF virus and the poxviruses, wrapping is a multistage process initiated by the recruitment of capsid proteins onto membrane cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) or associated ER-Golgi intermediate membrane compartments. Capsid assembly induces progressive bending of membrane cisternae into the characteristic shape of viral particles, and envelopment provides virions with two membranes in one step. We have used biochemical assays for ASF virus capsid recruitment, assembly, and envelopment to define the cellular processes important for the enwrapment of viruses by membrane cisternae. Capsid assembly on the ER membrane, and envelopment by ER cisternae, were inhibited when cells were depleted of ATP or depleted of calcium by incubation with A23187 and EDTA or the ER calcium ATPase inhibitor, thapsigargin. Electron microscopy analysis showed that cells depleted of calcium were unable to assemble icosahedral particles. Instead, assembly sites contained crescent-shaped and bulbous structures and, in rare cases, empty closed five-sided particles. Interestingly, recruitment of the capsid protein from the cytosol onto the ER membrane did not require ATP or an intact ER calcium store. The results show that following recruitment of the virus capsid protein onto the ER membrane, subsequent stages of capsid assembly and enwrapment are dependent on ATP and are regulated by the calcium gradients present across the ER membrane cisternae.
Keyword African swine fever
Herpes virus
Pox
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Biomedical Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 22 Dec 2009, 14:34:50 EST by Christine Ouslinis on behalf of Faculty of Science