Spatial socioeconomic data as a cost in systematic marine conservation planning

Ban, Natalie Corinna and Klein, Carissa Joy (2009) Spatial socioeconomic data as a cost in systematic marine conservation planning. Conservation Letters, 2 5: 206-215. doi:10.1111/j.1755-263X.2009.00071.x


Author Ban, Natalie Corinna
Klein, Carissa Joy
Title Spatial socioeconomic data as a cost in systematic marine conservation planning
Journal name Conservation Letters   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1755-263X
Publication date 2009-10-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2009.00071.x
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 2
Issue 5
Start page 206
End page 215
Total pages 10
Editor Michael B. Mascia
Place of publication Malden, MA, U.S.A.
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
C1
Formatted abstract
A common objective in identifying conservation areas is to minimize conservation costs while achieving a set of conservation targets. Recent literature highlights the importance of incorporating socioeconomic costs into conservation planning. Here, we review how costs have been used in systematic marine conservation planning. Four approaches emerged from the literature: (1) uniform cost or area as a proxy for human use, (2) opportunity costs, (3) multiple socioeconomic costs, and (4) measures of naturalness or ecological impact of human activities. Most marine systematic conservation planning projects that used a spatially explicit socioeconomic cost focused on fisheries as the opportunity cost. No study has incorporated transaction or management costs into the design of marine protected areas using systematic conservation planning software. Combining multiple costs into one cost is one of the primary challenges of incorporating socioeconomic costs into conservation planning decision support tools. Combining many costs is feasible when each cost is measured in the same unit (e.g., dollars), but this information is rarely available in marine planning. Where the objective of the planning exercise is to minimize impacts on multiple stakeholder groups, the use of separate scenarios or multi-zone software may be a viable option.
© 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keyword Conservation area design
Human activities
Marine conservation
Marine reserves
Socioeconomic data
Systematic conservation planning
Marine protected areas
Incorporating multiple criteria
Protected areas
Reserve design
Priority sites
Biodiversity
California
Efficiency
Fishermen
Networks
Implementation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Fri, 18 Dec 2009, 00:36:55 EST by Hayley Ware on behalf of School of Biological Sciences