'Intended solely for their greater comfort and happiness': Historical archaeology, paternalism and the Peel Island Lazaret

Prangnell, Jonathan Mark (2000). 'Intended solely for their greater comfort and happiness': Historical archaeology, paternalism and the Peel Island Lazaret PhD Thesis, School of Social Science, The University of Queensland.

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Author Prangnell, Jonathan Mark
Thesis Title 'Intended solely for their greater comfort and happiness': Historical archaeology, paternalism and the Peel Island Lazaret
School, Centre or Institute School of Social Science
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2000
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Total pages 432
Language eng
Subjects 210108 Historical Archaeology (incl. Industrial Archaeology)
210303 Australian History (excl. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Formatted abstract The research presented in this dissertation centres on an historical archaeological analysis of the Peel Island Lazaret. The Lazaret was located on Peel Island in Queensland's Moreton Bay and operated between 1907 and 1959. It was an isolated, paternalistically run institution for the treatment of Hansen's Disease. In this study I use the historical archaeological investigation of the lives of the inmates and staff at the Lazaret to examine the role of paternalism as a governing force in the organisation of the place and in the lives of the people forced to live within its boundaries. From this analysis I generate information on the formal and disciplinary power relations that operated to develop and maintain the Lazaret.

To undertake this study I develop a methodology based on Kosso (1991) that uses the distinct, epistemic entities of different written sources and the archaeological record to maintain the unique domain of each, yet determine their interrelatedness. This ensures the validity of the original basis for any interpretation of the archaeological phenomena. The written records of the Lazaret are divided into those written during the operation of the place and those written after the closure of the Lazaret and that look back upon it. They differ contextually and both can offer different yet equally legitimate starting points for interpretation.

Analysis of archival and other documentary sources and archaeological survey and excavation are the methods employed in this research. From this analysis a number of developments occur. These include an understanding of the role of control and the use of space at the Lazaret, an understanding of the spatial and material aspects of paternalism and a demonstration that philosophies, such as paternalism, can be accessed archaeologically.
Keyword Leprosy -- Hospitals -- Queensland -- Peel Island -- History.
Peel Island (Qld.) -- Antiquities.
Paternalism -- Queensland.
Leprosy -- Patients -- Queensland.
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Document type: Thesis
Collections: Queensland Past Online (QPO)
UQ Theses (RHD) - Open Access
 
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