"Bora belonga white man" : missionaries and Aborigines at Lockhart River Mission

Thompson, David A. (1995). "Bora belonga white man" : missionaries and Aborigines at Lockhart River Mission M.A. Thesis, School of Social Science, The University of Queensland.

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Author Thompson, David A.
Thesis Title "Bora belonga white man" : missionaries and Aborigines at Lockhart River Mission
School, Centre or Institute School of Social Science
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1995
Thesis type M.A. Thesis
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Supervisor -
Total pages 247
Language eng
Subjects 210301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History
Formatted abstract
This thesis examines the history of the interaction between missionaries and Aborigines at the Lockhart River Mission, Cape York Peninsula, from three theoretical perspectives - that of internal colonialism, Weber's ideal types of authority, and Burridge's categories of 'Devotional' and 'Affirmative' in his approach to Christian mission. These are discussed in Chapter 1. This is followed by an examination of historical models of Christian mission in Chapter 2 and this chapter outlines the shift from the faith movement of early Christianity to its gradual institutionalisation through official recognition by emperors, to the compromise of the Church with secular powers, to the domination of the spiritual over the secular in the Middle Ages, and the amalgamation of religious and secular powers in colonial expansion. The Reformation led to renewed emphasis on faith and Scripture, while the challenge of the Enlightenment period went further to break the nexus between Church and State. Anglican Mission generally reflected the Church's close alignment to the State due to its establishment status in England.

Chapter 3 examines the period of dispossession and early settlement in Australia with a view to establishing the patterns of European/Aboriginal relations, both secular and religious, and to show the typical response of the Mission Station approach to protect, isolate, resocialise and evangelise Aboriginal people. Chapter 4 then reviews a similar pattern of contact and dispossession in Queensland, particularly in Cape York Peninsula. Queensland Government policy with respect to Aborigines in the Acts of 1897, 1939 and 1965 are outlined, and the development of Christian Missions in Queensland is discussed. The chapter then turns to the development of the Australian Board of Missions, the Diocese of Carpentaria and Anglican Missions and concludes with an examination of the Anglican Church's thinking on policy for Aborigines. The chapter demonstrates the continuation of the early pattern of Mission Stations for protective segregation of Aborigines for the dual purposes of resocialising ('civilising') and evangelising.
Keyword Aboriginal Australians -- Queensland -- Lockhart River Settlement -- History
Missionaries -- Queensland -- Lockhart River Settlement -- History
Lockhart River Settlement (Qld.) -- History
Additional Notes The author has given permission for this thesis to be made open access.

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