Management of mammalian bites

Dendle, C. and Looke, D. (2009) Management of mammalian bites. Australian Family Physician, 38 11: 868-873.

Author Dendle, C.
Looke, D.
Title Management of mammalian bites
Journal name Australian Family Physician   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0300-8495
Publication date 2009-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 38
Issue 11
Start page 868
End page 873
Total pages 6
Place of publication South Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Publisher Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background:
Mammalian bites are a significant public health problem in Australia, with the majority of bites coming from dogs. Complications include tissue damage from the bite itself, infection and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Objective:
This article describes the assessment and management of mammalian bites in the Australian general practice setting based on a PubMed search of the English language literature from the years 1966 to present.

Discussion:
General practitioners need to be familiar with the treatment of animal bites, pitfalls in management, and the need to educate patients on ways to avoid future bite injuries. Meticulous wound cleaning, irrigation, exploration and debridement is essential to bite wound healing. Recognition of complicating fractures with imaging is important. Risk of infection differs among animal species, although most infected bite wounds are polymicrobial.
Keyword Resistant Staphylococcus-aureus
Dog bites
Prophylactic antibiotics
Pig bite
Infection
Wounds
Cat
Lyssavirus
Virus
Fever
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 29 Nov 2009, 00:06:05 EST