Cognitive training, conflict resolution, and exercise: Effects on young adolescents' well-being

Taylor, M., Gillies, R. and Ashman, A. (2009) Cognitive training, conflict resolution, and exercise: Effects on young adolescents' well-being. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 19 2: 131-149. doi:10.1375/ajgc.19.2.131

Author Taylor, M.
Gillies, R.
Ashman, A.
Title Cognitive training, conflict resolution, and exercise: Effects on young adolescents' well-being
Journal name Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1037-2911
Publication date 2009
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1375/ajgc.19.2.131
Volume 19
Issue 2
Start page 131
End page 149
Total pages 19
Editor M. Campbell
Place of publication Brisbane, Qld
Publisher Australian Academic Press
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
93 Education and Training
13 Education
1303 Specialist Studies in Education
1702 Cognitive Sciences
Abstract Background: This study builds on previous studies reporting that depressive symptoms among adolescents are reduced and personal satisfactions with one's achievements and competence with peers are enhanced when students are taught strategies for engaging in more optimistic thinking (explanatory style) (Gillham, Reivich, & Freres et al., 2006) and social problem-solving (Ingoldsby, Kohl, McMahon, & Lengua, 2006). Additionally, engaging in regular exercise has also been found to be useful in reducing depressive symptoms in this age group (Bodin & Martinsen, 2004). Aim: The study investigated the effects of three interventions - explanatory style (cognitive training), conflict resolution, and exercise - known to help adolescents develop a strong sense of wellbeing. It involved 31 students aged 11 to 13 years and their parents, and six class teachers from a large, metropolitan, private boys' college in Brisbane, Australia. Methods: Twenty-five boys participated in the three interventions, while six boys acted as a comparison group. A counterbalanced, multiple baseline design was implemented so that students participated in the three interventions in a different order. Results: The results showed that students in the intervention group experienced a reduction of internalising behaviours such as withdrawal and depressive symptoms following all three interventions. Collectively, the interventions were successful in reducing depressive symptoms; individually, they also significantly reduced depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The results showed that explanatory style, conflict resolution, and exercise interventions are effective in reducing depressive symptoms in adolescents.
Keyword Optimistic thinking
Resilience training
Negetive Life Events
School Students
Depressive Symptoms
Self -efficacy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Education Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 23 Nov 2009, 16:35:55 EST by Rebecca Donohoe on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences