A review of catalytic hydrogen production processes from biomass

Tanksale, A, Beltramini, JN and Lu, GM (2010) A review of catalytic hydrogen production processes from biomass. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14 1: 166-182. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2009.08.010


Author Tanksale, A
Beltramini, JN
Lu, GM
Title A review of catalytic hydrogen production processes from biomass
Journal name Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1364-0321
1879-0690
Publication date 2010-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2009.08.010
Volume 14
Issue 1
Start page 166
End page 182
Total pages 17
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract Hydrogen is believed to be critical for the energy and environmental sustainability. Hydrogen is a clean energy carrier which can be used for transportation and stationary power generation. However, hydrogen is not readily available in sufficient quantities and the production cost is still high for transportation purpose. The technical challenges to achieve a stable hydrogen economy include improving process efficiencies, lowering the cost of production and harnessing renewable sources for hydrogen production. Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most abundant forms of renewable resource available. Currently there are not many commercial technologies able to produce hydrogen from biomass. This review focuses on the available technologies and recent developments in biomass conversion to hydrogen. Hydrogen production from biomass is discussed as a two stage process – in the first stage raw biomass is converted to hydrogen substrate in either gas, liquid or solid phase. In the second stage these substrates are catalytically converted to hydrogen. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Hydrogen Production
Biomass
Gasification
Pyrolysis
Aqueous Phase Reforming
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 25 August 2009.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Non HERDC
ERA White List Items
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 23 Nov 2009, 15:24:34 EST