Quality of abstracts in 3 clinical dermatology journals

Dupuy, Alain, Khosrotehrani, Kiarash, Lebbe, Celeste, Rybojad, Michel and Morel, Patrice (2003). Quality of abstracts in 3 clinical dermatology journals. In: Archives of Dermatology: 20th World Congress of Dermatology. 20th World Congress of Dermatology, Paris, France, (589-593). 3 - 5 July 2002. doi:10.1001/archderm.139.5.589

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Author Dupuy, Alain
Khosrotehrani, Kiarash
Lebbe, Celeste
Rybojad, Michel
Morel, Patrice
Title of paper Quality of abstracts in 3 clinical dermatology journals
Conference name 20th World Congress of Dermatology
Conference location Paris, France
Conference dates 3 - 5 July 2002
Proceedings title Archives of Dermatology: 20th World Congress of Dermatology   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Archives of Dermatology   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Chicago
Publisher American Medical Association
Publication Year 2003
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.1001/archderm.139.5.589
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
ISSN 0003-987X
Volume 139
Issue 5
Start page 589
End page 593
Total pages 5
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Background Structured abstracts have been widely adopted in medical journals, with little demonstration of their superiority over unstructured abstracts.Objectives: To compare abstract quality among 3 clinical dermatology journals and to compare the quality of structured and unstructured abstracts within those journals. Design and Data Sources: Abstracts of a random sample of clinical studies (case reports, case series, and reviews excluded) published in 2000 in the Archives of Dermatology, The British Journal of Dermatology, and the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology were evaluated. Each abstract was rated by 2 independent investigators, using a 30-item quality scale divided into 8 categories (objective, design, setting, subjects, intervention, measurement of variables, results, and conclusions). Items applicable to the study and present in the main text of the article were rated as being present or absent from the abstract. A global quality score (range, 0-1) for each abstract was established by calculating the proportion of criteria among the eligible criteria that was rated as being present. A score was also calculated for each category. Interrater agreement was assessed with a {kappa} statistic. Mean ± SD scores were compared among journals and between formats (structured vs unstructured) using analysis of variance. Main Outcome Measures: Mean quality scores of abstracts by journal and by format. Results: Interrater agreement was good ({kappa} = 0.71). Mean ± SD quality scores of abstracts were significantly different among journals (Archives of Dermatology, 0.78 ± 0.07; The British Journal of Dermatology, 0.67 ± 0.17; and Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 0.64 ± 0.15; P = .045) and between formats (structured, 0.71 ± 0.11; and unstructured, 0.56 ± 0.18; P = .002). The setting category had the lowest scores. Conclusions: The quality of abstracts differed across the 3 tested journals. Unstructured abstracts were demonstrated to be of lower quality compared with structured abstracts and may account for the differences in quality scores among the journals. The structured format should be more widely adopted in dermatology journals.
Subjects 110304 Dermatology
Keyword Original research articles
Structured abstracts
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

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Created: Mon, 23 Nov 2009, 14:46:01 EST