Lack of advantage of high-fibre, moderate-carbohydrate diets in dogs with stabilized diabetes

Fleeman, L. M., Rand, J. S. and Markwell, P. J. (2009) Lack of advantage of high-fibre, moderate-carbohydrate diets in dogs with stabilized diabetes. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 50 11: 604-614. doi:10.1111/j.1748-5827.2009.00817.x

Author Fleeman, L. M.
Rand, J. S.
Markwell, P. J.
Title Lack of advantage of high-fibre, moderate-carbohydrate diets in dogs with stabilized diabetes
Journal name Journal of Small Animal Practice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-4510
Publication date 2009-10-08
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2009.00817.x
Volume 50
Issue 11
Start page 604
End page 614
Total pages 11
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 0707 Veterinary Sciences
Formatted abstract
OBJECTIVES: To assess the infl uence of high-fi bre, moderatecarbohydrate diets with two levels of dietary fat, compared with a commercial diet with moderate-fi bre, low-carbohydrate and higher fat, on insulin requirement, glycaemic control and lipid profile of dogs with stabilised diabetes.

METHODS: Twelve dogs with spontaneous diabetes mellitus were studied. Glycaemic control was evaluated by plasma fructosamine, glycosylated haemoglobin and 48-hour serial blood glucose measurements. The insulin dosage required to maintain clinical stability was also determined. Lipid profiles comprised serial measurements of plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, free glycerol and free fatty acids. Data were analysed using analysis of variance.

RESULTS: There were no signifi cant differences in insulin requirement or glycaemic control among diets. Weight loss occurred when the dogs were fed the high-fibre, moderate-carbohydrate, moderate-fat diet (P<0·002), whereas weight was maintained with the other two diets. The high-fi bre, moderate- carbohydrate, moderate-fat diet resulted in lower mean plasma cholesterol compared with either of the higher-fat diets (P≤0·003), and lower mean plasma triglyceride (P=0·060), free fatty acid (P<0·001) and free glycerol (P=0·015) than the commercial diet.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: For stable diabetic dogs, high-fibre, moderatecarbohydrate diets offered no signifi cant advantage compared with a commercial diet with moderate fi bre and low carbohydrate. Diets with high fibre, moderate carbohydrate and moderate fat should not be routinely recommended for dogs with thin body condition.
Keyword Glycemic Control
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 22 Nov 2009, 00:03:02 EST